Adsorption study on municipal solid waste leachate using Moringa oleifera seed

Original Paper

Abstract

Effects of initial concentrations of Moringa oleifera seed coagulant for removing Chemical Oxygen Demand and Total Dissolved Solids from municipal solid waste leachate have been evaluated at an optimum pH of 7 and temperature of 318 K. The kinetic data obtained from the experiments were fitted to the pseudo first-order, pseudo second-order, Elovich and intraparticle diffusion models. Based on a regression coefficient (R 2), the equilibrium (kinetic) data were best fitted with the Elovich model (R 2 = 0.993 for Chemical Oxygen Demand and R 2 = 0.996 for Total Dissolved Solids) than that of other models. The results of the kinetic models study indicated that the adsorption capacity of M. oleifera seed as a coagulant for removing Chemical Oxygen Demand and Total Dissolved Solids in a leachate increased up to 100 mg L−1, beyond which the adsorption capacity got reduced. Finally, the present study concluded that M. oleifera seed coagulant could be employed effectively for the removal of Chemical Oxygen Demand and Total Dissolved Solids in a municipal solid waste leachate.

Keywords

Chemical Oxygen Demand Kinetic models Regression analysis Total Dissolved Solids 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The work described in this paper was carried out in the Environmental Engineering Laboratory, Department of Civil Engineering at Easwari Engineering College, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. The author is indebted to Management for providing all necessary facilities to carryout the experimentsand to all staff members for helping to carryout the experiments.

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Copyright information

© CEERS, IAU 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Vel Tech High Tech Dr. Rangarajan Dr. Sakunthala Engineering CollegeAffiliated to Anna University ChennaiChennaiIndia

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