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Central pontine myelinolysis and the osmotic demyelination syndromes: an open and shut case?

Abstract

Central pontine myelinolysis and extrapontine myelinolysis are collectively called the osmotic demyelination syndromes. Despite being described in 1959, there are several aspects of the disorder that remain an enigma. Animal models and neuroimaging techniques have allowed us to understand the condition better. From being a universally fatal disorder that was diagnosed post mortem, increased awareness, neuroimaging techniques and supportive care have enabled us to make the diagnosis ante-mortem. This has also led to a significant drop in associated mortality. The aim of this review is to highlight the clinical spectrum, neuroimaging findings, and recent developments.

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Bose, P. Central pontine myelinolysis and the osmotic demyelination syndromes: an open and shut case?. Acta Neurol Belg 121, 849–858 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13760-021-01634-0

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