Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of primary headaches in adolescent population: is there a relationship with the way of life?

Abstract

The headache in the adolescent population is one of the most common conditions that doctors deal with. It is an important source of disability with several health-related considerations. The aim of the study was to investigate the frequency, as well as different epidemiological and clinical characteristics, of primary headaches in adolescents. An epidemiological study was conducted on 1800 adolescents of both sexes based on a questionnaire consisting of 65 questions referring to sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of headaches. Based on the questionnaire information, the examinees were divided into four groups: adolescents with migraine, tension-type and mixed headache and the fourth group were examinees without headaches. The information was statistically processed and the level of significance < 0.05 is considered statistically significant. Out of 1800 respondents, 1160 subjects were those with headache (64.4%) and 640 subjects were without headache (35.6%). The most common primary headache is tension-type headache. The majority of subjects with tension-type headaches attend elementary school and with migraine and mixed headaches high school. There were significantly more headaches among adolescents who had their own computer and who spent more than 2 h using it. More frequent headaches were found in those who travel by public transport and spend more time on Facebook. Primary headaches in adolescent population occur frequently and despite numerous studies, they are still not taken seriously enough. It is necessary to educate parents, teachers and adolescents to avoid risk factors or at least reduce their impact.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

References

  1. 1.

    Tavasoli A, Aghamohammadpoor M, Taghibeigi M (2013) Migraine and tension-type headache in children and adolescents presenting to neurology clinics. Iran J Pediatr 23:536–540

    PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Kernick D, Reinhold D (2008) Children and adolescents with headache: what do they need? J Headache Pain 9:233–236. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10194-008-0042-x

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Đuranović V, Bošnjak-Mejaški V (2005) Glavobolje u dječjoj dobi. In: Demarin V (ed) Znanstveni pristup dijagnostici i terapiji glavobolja. HAZU, Zagreb, pp 139–156

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Kröner-Herwig B, Morris L, Heinrich M (2007) Biopsychosocial correlates of headache: what predicts pediatric headache occurrence? Headache 48:529–544. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1526-4610.2007.00945.x

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Đuranović V, Mejaški-Bošnjak V, Lujić L, Krakar G (2005) Glavobolje u djetinjstvu i adolescenciji. Medix 59:81–85

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Blume HK (2017) Childhood headache: a brief review. Pediatr Ann 46:155–165. https://doi.org/10.3928/19382359-20170321-02

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Tonini MC, Frediani F (2012) Headache at high school: clinical characteristics and impact. Neurol Sci 33:185–187. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10072-012-1080-3

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Papetti L, Capuano A, Tarantino S, Vigevano F, Valeriani M (2015) Headache as an emergency in children and adolescents. Curr Pain Headache Rep 19:3. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11916-015-0480-5

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Headache Classification Committee of the International Headache Society (IHS) (2013) The International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd edition (beta version). Cephalalgia 33:629–808. https://doi.org/10.1177/0333102413485658

  10. 10.

    Matar AK, Kerem NC, Srugo I, Genizi J (2015) Primary headache in children and adolescents–diagnosis and tretment. Harefuah 154:795–798

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Jeong YJ, Lee YT, Lee IG, Han JY (2018) Primary headaches in children and adolescents—experiences at a single headache center in Korea. BMC Neurol 18:70. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12883-018-1073-9

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Abu-Arafeh I (2014) Diagnosis and management of headache in children and adolescents. Prog Neurol Psychiatry 18:16–20. https://doi.org/10.1002/pnp.338

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Sedlic M, Mahovic D, Kruzliak P (2016) Epidemiology of primary headaches among 1,876 adolescents: a cross-sectional survey. Pain Med 17:353–359. https://doi.org/10.1093/pm/pnv033

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Özge A, Faedda N, Abu-Arafeh I, Gelfand AA, Goadsby PJ, Cuvellier JC, Valeriani M, Sergeev A, Barlow K, Uludüz D, Yalın OÖ, Lipton RB, Rapoport A, Guidetti V (2017) Experts’ opinion about the primary headache diagnostic criteria of the ICHD-3rd edition beta in children and adolescents. J Headache Pain 18:109. https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-017-0818-y

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Lay CL, Broner SW (2008) Adolescent issues in migraine: a focus on menstrual migraine. Curr Pain Headache Rep 12:384–387. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11916-008-0065-7

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Mitsikostas DD, Ashina M, Craven A, Diener HC, Goadsby PJ, Ferrari MD, Lampl C, Paemeleire K, Pascual J, Siva A, Olesen J, Osipova V, Martelletti P, EHF committee (2015) European Headache Federation consensus on technical investigation for primary headachedisorders. J Headache Pain 17:5. https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-016-0596-y

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Bougea A, Spantideas N, Chrousos GP (2018) Stress management for headaches in children and adolescents: a review and practical recommendations for health promotion programs and well-being. J Child Health Care 22:19–33. https://doi.org/10.1177/1367493517738123

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Kelly M, Strelzik J, Langdon R, DiSabella M (2018) Pediatric headache: overview. Curr Opin Pediatr 30:748–754. https://doi.org/10.1097/MOP.0000000000000688

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Gofshteyn JS, Stephenson DJ (2016) Diagnosis and Management of Childhood Headache. Curr Probl Pediatr Adolesc Health Care 46:36–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cppeds.2015.11.003

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Vuković V, Plavec D, Pavelin S, Janculjak D, Ivanković M, Demarin V (2010) Prevalence of migraine, probable migraine and tension-type headache in the Croatian polulation. Neuroepidemiology 35:59–65. https://doi.org/10.1159/000310940

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Vuković-Cvetković V, Plavec D, Lovrenčić-Huzjan A (2013) Prevalence of chronic headache in Croatia. Biomed Res Int 2013:837613. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/837613

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Unalp A, Dirik E, Kurul S (2007) Prevalence and clinical findings of migraine and tension-type headache in adolescents. Pediatr Int 49:943–949. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-200X.2007.02484.x

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Lima AS, de Araújo RC, Gomes MR, de Almeida LR, de Souza GF, Cunha SB, Pitangui AC (2014) Prevalence of headache and its interference in the activities of daily living in female adolescent students. Rev Paul Pediatr 32:256–261. https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-0582201432212113

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Fallahzadeh H, Alihaydari M (2011) Prevalence of migraine and tension type headache among school children in Yazd, Iran. J Pediatr Neurosci 6:106–109. https://doi.org/10.4103/1817-1745.92818

    CAS  Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Zwart JA, Dyb G, Holmen TL, Stovner LJ, Sand T (2004) The prevalence of migraine and tension-type headaches among adolescents in Norway. The Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (Head-HUNT-Youth), a large population-based epidemiologicalstudy. Cephalalgia 24:373–379. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2982.2004.00680.x

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    Parke M (2003) Are married parents really better for children? What research says about the effects of family structure on child well-being. Clasp Center for Law and Social Policy https://docplayer.net/28899373-Are-married-parents-really-better-for-children-what-research-says-about-the-effects-of-family-structure-on-child-well-being.html. Accessed 13 May 2019

  27. 27.

    Straube A, Heinen F, Ebinger F, von Kries R (2013) Headache in school children: prevalence and risk factors. Dtsch Arztebl Int 110:811-818. https://doi.org/10.3238/arztebl.2013.0811

  28. 28.

    Becker Saueressig I, Andrade Xavier MK, Mayaly Alves Oliveira V, Rodarti Pitangui AC, Cappato de Araújo R (2015) Primary headaches among adolescents and their association with excessive computer use. Revista Dor 16:244–248. https://doi.org/10.5935/1806-0013.20150049

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    Valkenburg PM, Peter J (2011) Online communication among adolescents: an integrated model of its attraction, opportunities, and risks. J Adolesc Health 48(2):121–127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.08.020

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    Drummond PD (2005) Triggers of motion sickness in migraine sufferers. Headache 45:653–656. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1526-4610.2005.05132.x

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Darko Katalinic.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in the study involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee (University Clinical Hospital Mostar) and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants/parents included in the study.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Mlinarevic-Polic, I., Kuzman, Z., Aleric, I. et al. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of primary headaches in adolescent population: is there a relationship with the way of life?. Acta Neurol Belg 121, 473–481 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13760-019-01220-5

Download citation

Keywords

  • Headache
  • Adolescent population
  • Way of life