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The relationship between migraine headache and asthma features

Abstract

Migraine and asthma are comorbid chronic disorders with episodic attacks thought to involve inflammatory and neurological mechanisms. The objective of the present study is to investigate the relationship of asthma features between the asthma patients with migraine and those without migraine headache. A cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2015 to June 2016. Physician-diagnosed asthma patients aged 18 years and above were included. Demographic data, pulmonary function test and treatment of asthma were recorded. Asthma control was assessed using the asthma control test (ACT) and asthma control questionnaire (ACQ). The diagnosis of migraine was made by the neurologist with face-to face examinations based on the International Classification of Headache Disorders, third edition beta (ICHD-III-beta) criteria. Data about the age at onset, frequency of headache attacks, duration of headache attack, the presence of aura, and severity of headache were recorded. The severity of headache was evaluated using visual analogue scale (VAS). Overall 121 asthma patients were included in this study. Migraine was found to be present in 32 (26.4%) of patients. No statistically significant difference was found between asthma group and asthma with migraine groups in terms of pulmonary function test parameters. The mean ACT score in asthma with migraine patients group was significantly lower than the asthma groups. Morever, in the group asthma with migraine, a negative significant correlations were found between ACT scores with VAS scores. This study demonstrates that migraine headache may be associated with poor asthma control. On the other hand, it should not be forgotten that ACT is a subjective test and can be affected from by many clinical parameters.

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Correspondence to Nigar Dirican.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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The local ethics committee approved the present study.

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Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Dirican, N., Demirci, S. & Cakir, M. The relationship between migraine headache and asthma features. Acta Neurol Belg 117, 531–536 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13760-017-0764-0

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13760-017-0764-0

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Asthma control test
  • Migraine
  • Visuale analog scale