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Imaging predictors of outcome following intravenous thrombolysis in acute stroke

Abstract

Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator is the only approved medical treatment for patients with acute ischemic stroke. While it is associated with excellent clinical outcome in about 30 %, even with timely thrombolysis administration, certain strokes continue to evolve and lead to poor outcomes. Several studies have attempted to identify predictors of outcome despite timely thrombolysis. Persistence of a proximal clot burden and large vessel occlusion following thrombolysis are markers for patients who may potentially benefit from advanced treatment modalities like intra-arterial thrombolysis and thrombectomy. Timely brain imaging and interpretation play a crucial role in providing these treatment decisions. In this review, various imaging predictors of poor outcome among patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with intravenous thrombolysis are outlined. Despite identification of these imaging predictors, thrombolysis should not be withheld, as it may still be beneficial in a subset of patients. Knowledge of these predictors may set benchmarks for selecting candidates who may potentially benefit from advanced management strategies in future trials.

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Correspondence to Archana Hinduja.

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Hinduja, A. Imaging predictors of outcome following intravenous thrombolysis in acute stroke. Acta Neurol Belg 114, 81–86 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13760-013-0270-y

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13760-013-0270-y

Keywords

  • Intravenous
  • Tissue plasminogen activator
  • Ischemic stroke
  • Computed tomography
  • Magnetic resonance imaging