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Granulomatous meningitis due to rheumatoid arthritis

Abstract

Meningoencephalitis is a rare but aggressive complication of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The most common complications of RA occur in the severe and chronic stages of the disease. Only a few cases have been reported in the literature. The symptoms are usually nonspecific, and arthralgia may be missing. Brain MRI and CSF analysis are useful to guide the diagnosis. However, a biopsy is required to demonstrate the existence of granulomatous lesions and the lack of mycobacterium infection. Early detection is essential to prevent neurological complications. Treatment consists of intravenous high doses of corticoid followed by oral tapered doses associated with immunosuppressive therapy. The present case is remarkable by the presence of granulomatous lesions in the lung and meninges and the dramatic improvement after immunosuppressive therapy.

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Correspondence to Patrice Laloux.

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Duray, M.C., Marchand, E., Gohy, S. et al. Granulomatous meningitis due to rheumatoid arthritis. Acta Neurol Belg 112, 193–197 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13760-012-0021-5

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13760-012-0021-5

Keywords

  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Meningoencephalitis
  • Meningitis
  • Granulomatous lesion
  • Immunosuppressive treatment