Living with global climate diversity—suggestions on international governance for coping with climate change risk
- 952 Downloads
Climatic conditions have important influences on human life and the sustainable development of economies and societies. Climate varies in space and time. People have always lived with climate diversity, and the two influence each other. The degree of mutual influence differs at different spatial and temporal scales. Since the industrial revolution, the human effect on climate has gradually increased, and expanded from local to global scale. To allow people to live in harmony with nature and prevent disaster risks, the International Human Dimensions Program on Global Environmental Change (IHDP) announced the implementation of a scientific plan aimed at discussing risk governance, especially with respect to large-scale disaster risks, under global environmental change conditions (IHDP—Integrated Risk Governance Project, 2009–2019). As the initiator of this scientific plan, the authors propose a strategic development framework for living with global climate diversity considering a series of large-scale disasters in China and around the world in recent years and relevant experiences and lessons, and offer suggestions for the global mechanism of dealing with climate change risks.
Keywordsclimate diversity climate change risk integrated disaster risk governance consilience mode of risk governance
- Ban, Ki-moon. 2011. Foreword. Revealing Risk, Redefining Development. In 2011 Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction. United Nations.Google Scholar
- Diamond, J. 2005. How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed. New York: Viking Press.Google Scholar
- Huang, B. W., D. Zheng, and M. C. Zhao, eds. 1999. Modern Physical Geography. Beijing: Science Press (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). 2007. Summary for Policymakers. In Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by S. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K. B. Averyt, M. Tignor, and H. L. Miller. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Meehl, G. A., T. F. Stocker, W. D. Collins, P. Friedlingstein, A. T. Gaye, J. M. Gregory, A. Kitoh, R. Knutti, J. M. Murphy, A. Noda, S. C. B. Raper, I. G. Watterson, A. J. Weaver, and Z. C. Zhao. 2007. Global Climate Projections. In Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by S. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K. B. Averyt, M. Tignor, and H. L. Miller. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Shi, P. J. 1989. Precipitation Change and “Fluctuation Agriculture-Animal Husbandry” in Transitional Agriculture-Animal Husbandry Zone in North China. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment 3(3): 3–9 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Shi, P. J., X. Q. Fang, and Y. Zhao. 1989. Research on Precipitation and Temperature Change in “Golden Triangle Area” of Inner Mongolia in the Past 500 Years. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment 3(Supplement): 38–43 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Shi, P. J., D. Tang, W. H. Fang, W. Xu, W. J. Dong, and B. Chen. 2008. Comments on Large-Scale Disaster Risk Governance Countermeasure from a Point of Coping with Cold, Rainy, Snowy and Freezing Weather Disasters in 2008 in China. Insurance Studies No. 5: 20–27 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Shi, P. J., M. Wang, J. F. Liu, T. Ye, J. L. Nie, F. Kong, and Q. Q. Shi. 2011. An Integrated Large Scale Disaster Risk Governance Paradigm: Experiences and Lessons in Human Responses. In Proceedings of the 12th Biennial Aon Benfield Hazards Conference, 55–65. 29 September-1 October 2011, Surfers Paradise, Queensland, Australia.Google Scholar
- Strahler, A. N., and A. H. Strahler. 1983. Modern Physical Geography. Beijing: Science Press (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Strahler, A. H., and A. N. Strahler. 1992. Modern Physical Geography, 4th edition. New York: John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
- UNISDR (United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction). n.d. UNISDR website. http://www.unisdr.org/.
- —. 2004. Living with Risk. Geneva, Switzerland.Google Scholar
- Wang, S. W. 1994. Introduction to Climate System. Beijing: China Meteorological Press (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Wu, G. H., L. S. Tian, S. X. Hu, and N. A. Wang. 2000. Physical Geography, 3rd edition. Beijing: Higher Education Press (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Zheng, D., and B. Y. Li. 1999. Differentiation and Evolution of Natural Environment in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. In Modern Physical Geography, edited by B. W. Huang, D. Zheng, and M. C. Zhao, 234–58. Beijing: Science Press (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Zhou, S. Z., ed. 1997. Meteorology and Climatology, 3rd edition. Beijing: Higher Education Press (in Chinese).Google Scholar
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.