Biological Theory

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 199–211 | Cite as

Vestigial Drifting Drives in Homo sapiens

  • Paolo RogniniEmail author


In this study some typical aspects of human behavior are reconsidered in a new evolutionary perspective. Firstly, a theoretical paradigm is introduced, according to which animals show a natural propensity to maintain behavior far beyond the time when the triggering motivation has been removed;, these drifting conducts are defined as Vestigial Drifting Drives or (VDDs). Such a paradigm is then applied to those human attitudes that once conferred an adaptive advantage on our species but have now become dysfunctional within the framework of the current ecological crisis. In this context, human beings are considered the repository of VDDs that may play out as evolutionary threats. This thesis is supported by many examples and references that, hopefully, could stimulate scientific debate and further research in evolutionary anthropology, psychology, and related disciplines.


Adaptation Environment Human behavior Maladaptation Mismatch 



I’d like to especially thank Prof. Sergio Tofanelli, University of Pisa; as well as Prof. Gianfranco Natale, Dr. Angelo Gazzano, Dr. Alessandra Benedetti, Prof. Roberto Barale, Prof. Riccardo Ruffoli, and Prof. Silvana Borgognini, all of the University of Pisa; Prof. Mariano Pavanello, University of Rome; Prof. Giuliano Boccali, University of Milan; and Prof. Maurizio Cardaci, University of Palermo.


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Copyright information

© Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceUniversity of PisaPisaItaly

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