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First Record and Distribution of Ganaspis brasiliensis (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Eucoilinae), a Parasitoid of Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) in Argentina

Abstract

The eucoiline species Ganaspis brasiliensis (von Ihering) (Hymenoptera: Figitidae) is recorded for the first time in Argentina, with confirmation of parasitism of Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) infesting healthy raspberry fruit (Rubus idaeus L. cv. “Heritage”) still on the plant. Drosophila suzukii puparia were recovered from fruit collected in an organic farm in Tafí del Valle, Tucumán, Argentina. One G. brasiliensis specimen was obtained from an isolated D. suzukii puparium. An additional 83 specimens, deposited in the entomological collection of the Museo de la Plata, Argentina, were also identified as G. brasiliensis. This parasitoid species is distributed in four biogeographical provinces of Argentina. The specimens of G. brasiliensis collected in Argentina are assumed to belong to a worldwide distributed and generalist lineage, parasitizing several Drosophila species. A taxonomic key of known Ganaspis species from Argentina is provided.

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Acknowledgements

We thank to Lorena Inés Escobar and Cecilia Gorretta (CICPBA) for technical assistance, and to the Comisión de Investigaciones Científicas de la Provincia de Buenos Aires (CICPBA) and Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP) for their constant support. The USDA does not endorse any trade names mentioned in this publication. The USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.

Funding

The study was funded by Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA) through grant PD I101, and Fondo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (FONCYT)-Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (ANPCyT, Argentina) through grant PICT 2017–0512.

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CFF and DSK planned and conducted the field sampling. CFF conducted the lab work. FEG and VAR identified the specimens in the lab. SMO, FEG, DSK, and MLB wrote the manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Sérgio Marcelo Ovruski.

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Gallardo, F.E., Funes, C.F., Reche, V. et al. First Record and Distribution of Ganaspis brasiliensis (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Eucoilinae), a Parasitoid of Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) in Argentina. Neotrop Entomol 51, 164–169 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13744-021-00912-z

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Keywords

  • Host-parasitoid association
  • Distribution
  • Spotted-wing Drosophila