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Retrograde transvenous selective lymphatic duct embolization in post donor nephrectomy chylous ascites

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Chylous ascites is a rare, potentially sinister complication in post donor nephrectomy patients which may cause significant morbidity in form of severe malnutrition and an immuno-compromised state. We present two patients with post donor nephrectomy-related chylous leaks who failed conservative treatment. In both cases, lymphangiography was done first to detect the chylous leak site in the left renal fossa, and thereafter transvenous retrograde approach via left subclavian vein with selective lymphatic duct embolization of chylous leak was done with coils and glue successfully. Chylous ascites resolved in both patients after the embolization. Hence retrograde transvenous embolization technique appears to be an effective management option for refractory chylous leaks.

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Correspondence to Ajit Kumar Yadav.

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Kalia, S., Narkhede, A., Yadav, A.K. et al. Retrograde transvenous selective lymphatic duct embolization in post donor nephrectomy chylous ascites. CEN Case Rep 11, 1–5 (2022).

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