Skip to main content

Women’s Use of Social Media: What Is the Evidence About Their Impact on Weight Management and Body Image?

Abstract

Purpose of the Review

This review aims to summarize recent research on the effects of social media-delivered weight management interventions on weight loss and the impact of social media use on body image concerns in women and adolescent girls.

Recent Findings

Evidence supports the feasibility, but not the efficacy, of studies using single-component social media-delivered weight management interventions (i.e., including no other modes of intervention delivery) in women. Studies conducted in adolescent girls and women suggest that the impact of social media on body image outcomes is mostly detrimental, but is dependent on the context (e.g., exposure to idealized social media appearance images), peers’ feedback, and constructs, such as appearance comparison tendency.

Summary

More research is needed to conclude on the efficacy of social media-delivered interventions on both weight and body image outcomes and to understand how and when exposure to social media could promote effective weight management and also advocate positive body image in women.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance

  1. Collaboration NCDRF. Worldwide trends in body-mass index, underweight, overweight, and obesity from 1975 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 2416 population-based measurement studies in 128.9 million children, adolescents, and adults. Lancet. 2017;390(10113):2627–42.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Kanter R, Caballero B. Global gender disparities in obesity: a review. Adv Nutr. 2012;3(4):491–8.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  3. Garawi F, Devries K, Thorogood N, Uauy R. Global differences between women and men in the prevalence of obesity: is there an association with gender inequality? Eur J Clin Nutr. 2014;68:1101–6.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Singh GM, Danaei G, Farzadfar F, Stevens GA, Woodward M, Wormser D, et al. The age-specific quantitative effects of metabolic risk factors on cardiovascular diseases and diabetes: a pooled analysis. PLoS One. 2013;8(7):e65174.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  5. Pearson-Stuttard J, Zhou B, Kontis V, Bentham J, Gunter MJ, Ezzati M. Worldwide burden of cancer attributable to diabetes and high body-mass index: a comparative risk assessment. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2018;6(6):e6–e15.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  6. Apovian CM. The clinical and economic consequences of obesity. Am J Manag Care. 2013;19(11 Suppl):s219–28.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Singh AS, Mulder C, Twisk JW, van Mechelen W, Chinapaw MJ. Tracking of childhood overweight into adulthood: a systematic review of the literature. Obes Rev. 2008;9(5):474–88.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  8. Tylka TL, Wood-Barcalow NL. What is and what is not positive body image? Conceptual foundations and construct definition. Body Image. 2015;14:118–29.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  9. Wiseman CV, Gray JJ, Mosimann JE, Ahrens AH. Cultural expectations of thinness in women: an update. Int J Eat Disord. 1992;11(1):85–9.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Girard M, Rodgers RF, Chabrol H. Prospective predictors of body dissatisfaction, drive for thinness, and muscularity concerns among young women in France: a sociocultural model. Body Image. 2018;26:103–10.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  11. Cash TF, Smolak L. Body image: a handbook of science, practice, and prevention. New York; 2011. 490 p

  12. Calden G, Lundy RM, Schlafer RJ. Sex differences in body concepts. J Consult Psychol. 1959;23(4):378.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Tiggemann M. Body image across the adult life span: stability and change. Body Image. 2004;1(1):29–41.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  14. Algars M, Santtila P, Varjonen M, Witting K, Johansson A, Jern P, et al. The adult body: how age, gender, and body mass index are related to body image. J Aging Health. 2009;21(8):1112–32.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  15. Gillen MM. Associations between positive body image and indicators of men's and women's mental and physical health. Body Image. 2015;13:67–74.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  16. Kaplan AM, Haenlein M. Users of the world, unite! The challenges and opportunities of social media. Business Horizons. 2010;53(1):59–68.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Ghaznavi J, Taylor LD. Bones, body parts, and sex appeal: an analysis of #thinspiration images on popular social media. Body Image. 2015;14:54–61.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  18. Smith A, Anderson M. Social media use in 2018. Pew Res Center. 2018.

  19. Anderson M, Jiang J. Teens, social media & technology 2018. Pew Res Center:2018.

  20. Mendoza JA, Baker KS, Moreno MA, Whitlock K, Abbey-Lambertz M, Waite A, et al. A Fitbit and Facebook mhealth intervention for promoting physical activity among adolescent and young adult childhood cancer survivors: a pilot study. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2017;64(12).

  21. Fonseca H, Prioste A, Sousa P, Gaspar P, Machado MC. Effectiveness analysis of an internet-based intervention for overweight adolescents: next steps for researchers and clinicians. BMC Obesity. 2016;3:15.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  22. Cavallo DN, Sisneros JA, Ronay AA, Robbins CL, Jilcott Pitts SB, Keyserling TC, et al. Assessing the feasibility of a web-based weight loss intervention for low-income women of reproductive age: a pilot study. JMIR Res Protoc. 2016;5(1):e30.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  23. Cadmus-Bertram L, Nelson SH, Hartman S, Patterson RE, Parker BA, Pierce JP. Randomized trial of a phone- and web-based weight loss program for women at elevated breast cancer risk: the HELP study. J Behav Med. 2016;39(4):551–9.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  24. Napolitano MA, Hayes S, Bennett GG, Ives AK, Foster GD. Using Facebook and text messaging to deliver a weight loss program to college students. Obesity. 2013;21(1):25–31.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  25. • Prout Parks E, Moore RH, Li Z, Bishop-Gilyard CT, Garrett AR, Hill DL, et al. Assessing the feasibility of a social media to promote weight management engagement in adolescents with severe obesity: pilot study. JMIR Res Protoc. 2018;7(3):e52 This recent single-arm feasibility study provides evidence for recommending the use of social media (i.e., a private Facebook group in this context) as an adjunct to traditional weight management to promote treatment engagement and decrease clinic attrition rates in adolescents with severe obesity, thus opening the door for more research in this area.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  26. Ruotsalainen H, Kyngas H, Tammelin T, Heikkinen H, Kaariainen M. Effectiveness of Facebook-delivered lifestyle counselling and physical activity self-monitoring on physical activity and body mass index in overweight and obese adolescents: a randomized controlled trial. Nurs Res Pract. 2015;2015:159205.

    PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  27. Valle CG, Tate DF, Mayer DK, Allicock M, Cai J. A randomized trial of a Facebook-based physical activity intervention for young adult cancer survivors. J Cancer Surviv. 2013;7(3):355–68.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  28. Waring ME, Moore Simas TA, Oleski J, Xiao RS, Mulcahy JA, May CN, et al. Feasibility and acceptability of delivering a postpartum weight loss intervention via Facebook: a pilot study. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2018;50(1):70–4.e1.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  29. Sampasa-Kanyinga H, Chaput JP, Hamilton HA. Associations between the use of social networking sites and unhealthy eating behaviours and excess body weight in adolescents. Br J Nutr. 2015;114(11):1941–7.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  30. Pagoto S, Schneider KL, Evans M, Waring ME, Appelhans B, Busch AM, et al. Tweeting it off: characteristics of adults who tweet about a weight loss attempt. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014;21(6):1032–7.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  31. Christakis NA, Fowler JH. The spread of obesity in a large social network over 32 years. N Engl J Med. 2007;357(4):370–9.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  32. Powell K, Wilcox J, Clonan A, Bissell P, Preston L, Peacock M, et al. The role of social networks in the development of overweight and obesity among adults: a scoping review. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:996.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  33. Chung CK. Predicting weight loss in blogs using computerized text analysis. US, ProQuest Information & Learning; 2010.

  34. Leggatt-Cook C, Chamberlain K. Blogging for weight loss: personal accountability, writing selves, and the weight-loss blogosphere. Sociol Health Illness. 2012;34(7):963–77.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  35. Evans M, Faghri PD, Pagoto SL, Schneider KL, Waring ME, Whited MC, et al. The weight loss blogosphere: an online survey of weight loss bloggers. Transl Behav Med. 2016;6(3):403–9.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  36. Chou W-yS, Prestin A, Kunath S. Obesity in social media: a mixed methods analysis. Transl Behav Med. 2014;4(3):314–23.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  37. Lydecker JA, Cotter EW, Palmberg AA, Simpson C, Kwitowski M, White K, et al. Does this Tweet make me look fat? A content analysis of weight stigma on Twitter. Eat Weight Disord. 2016;21(2):229–35.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  38. De Brun A, McCarthy M, McKenzie K, McGloin A. Weight stigma and narrative resistance evident in online discussions of obesity. Appetite. 2014;72:73–81.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  39. Ferguson CJ, Munoz ME, Garza A, Galindo M. Concurrent and prospective analyses of peer, television and social media influences on body dissatisfaction, eating disorder symptoms and life satisfaction in adolescent girls. J Youth Adolesc. 2014;43(1):1–14.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  40. Lee HE, Taniguchi E, Modica A, Park H. Effects of witnessing fat talk on body satisfaction and psychological well-being: a cross-cultural comparison of Korea and the United States. Soc Behav Pers. 2013;41(8):1279–95.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  41. Wade A. The impacts of exposure to fat talk and fat talk challenging through social media on women. US: ProQuest Inf Learn; 2017.

    Google Scholar 

  42. Eckler P, Kalyango Y, Paasch E. Facebook use and negative body image among U.S. college women. Women Health. 2017;57(2):249–67.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  43. Fardouly J, Willburger BK, Vartanian LR. Instagram use and young women’s body image concerns and self-objectification: testing mediational pathways. New Media Soc. 2018;20(4):1380–95.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  44. Fox J, Vendemia MA. Selective self-presentation and social comparison through photographs on social networking sites. Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw. 2016;19(10):593–600.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  45. Hanna E, Ward LM, Seabrook RC, Jerald M, Reed L, Giaccardi S, et al. Contributions of social comparison and self-objectification in mediating associations between Facebook use and emergent adults’ psychological well-being. Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw. 2017;20(3):172–9.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  46. Howard LM, Heron KE, MacIntyre RI, Myers TA, Everhart RS. Is use of social networking sites associated with young women's body dissatisfaction and disordered eating? A look at Black-White racial differences. Body Image. 2017;23:109–13.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  47. Meier EP, Gray J. Facebook photo activity associated with body image disturbance in adolescent girls. Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw. 2014;17(4):199–206.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  48. Strubel J, Petrie TA. Love me Tinder: body image and psychosocial functioning among men and women. Body Image. 2017;21:34–8.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  49. Walker M, Thornton L, De Choudhury M, Teevan J, Bulik CM, Levinson CA, et al. Facebook use and disordered eating in college-aged women. J Adolesc Health. 2015;57(2):157–63.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  50. Burnette CB, Kwitowski MA, Mazzeo SE. “I don’t need people to tell me I’m pretty on social media”: a qualitative study of social media and body image in early adolescent girls. Body Image. 2017;23:114–25.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  51. Liechty T, Coyne SM, Collier KM, Sharp AD. "It's just not very realistic": perceptions of media among pregnant and postpartum women. Health Commun. 2018;33(7):851–9.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  52. Brown Z, Tiggemann M. Attractive celebrity and peer images on Instagram: effect on women's mood and body image. Body Image. 2016;19:37–43.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  53. Cohen R, Blaszczynski A. Comparative effects of Facebook and conventional media on body image dissatisfaction. J Eat Disord. 2015;3:23.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  54. • Tamplin NC, McLean SA, Paxton SJ. Social media literacy protects against the negative impact of exposure to appearance ideal social media images in young adult women but not men. Body Image. 2018;26:29–37 This recent laboratory-based experimental study contributes to the emerging evidence for a protecting role of commercial social media literacy on the adverse effects of exposure to gender-matched appearance-ideal images on Instagram on body satisfaction in young women.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  55. Tiggemann M, Slater A. NetGirls: the Internet, Facebook, and body image concern in adolescent girls. Int J Eat Disord. 2013;46(6):630–3.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  56. Tiggemann M, Slater A. Facebook and body image concern in adolescent girls: a prospective study. Int J Eat Disord. 2017;50(1):80–3.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  57. Tiggemann M, Zaccardo M. “Exercise to be fit, not skinny”: the effect of fitspiration imagery on women's body image. Body Image. 2015;15:61–7.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  58. Cohen R, Newton-John T, Slater A. The relationship between Facebook and Instagram appearance-focused activities and body image concerns in young women. Body Image. 2017;23:183–7.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  59. Fardouly J, Vartanian LR. Negative comparisons about one's appearance mediate the relationship between Facebook usage and body image concerns. Body Image. 2015;12:82–8.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  60. Holland G, Tiggemann M. “Strong beats skinny every time”: disordered eating and compulsive exercise in women who post fitspiration on Instagram. Int J Eat Disord. 2017;50(1):76–9.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  61. McLean SA, Paxton SJ, Wertheim EH, Masters J. Photoshopping the selfie: self photo editing and photo investment are associated with body dissatisfaction in adolescent girls. Int J Eat Disord. 2015;48(8):1132–40.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  62. Mingoia J, Hutchinson AD, Gleaves DH, Corsini N, Wilson C. Use of social networking sites and associations with skin tone dissatisfaction, sun exposure, and sun protection in a sample of Australian adolescents. Psychol Health. 2017;32(12):1502–17.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  63. • Mingoia J, Hutchinson AD, Wilson C, Gleaves DH. The relationship between social networking site use and the internalization of a thin ideal in females: a meta-analytic review. Front Psychol. 2017;8:1351 This is a recent meta-analysis summarizing the findings from six experimental studies and correlational studies conducted among 1,829 adolescent girls and adult women which measured the relationship between using social networking sites (SNSs) and internalization of thin ideals. The results revealed that using SNSs positively correlated with internalization.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  64. Fardouly J, Diedrichs PC, Vartanian LR, Halliwell E. Social comparisons on social media: the impact of Facebook on young women’s body image concerns and mood. Body Image. 2015;13:38–45.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  65. Slater A, Varsani N, Diedrichs PC. #fitspo or #loveyourself? The impact of fitspiration and self-compassion Instagram images on women’s body image, self-compassion, and mood. Body Image. 2017;22:87–96.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  66. Sampasa-Kanyinga H, Chaput JP, Hamilton HA. Use of social networking sites and perception and intentions regarding body weight among adolescents. Obes Sci Pract. 2016;2(1):32–9.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  67. Veldhuis J, Konijn EA, Seidell JC. Negotiated media effects. Peer feedback modifies effects of media’s thin-body ideal on adolescent girls. Appetite. 2014;73:172–82.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  68. Lunde C. Acceptance of cosmetic surgery, body appreciation, body ideal internalization, and fashion blog reading among late adolescents in Sweden. Body Image. 2013;10(4):632–5.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  69. Kaewpradub N, Kiatrungrit K, Hongsanguansri S, Pavasuthipaisit C. Association among internet usage, body image and eating behaviors of secondary school students. Shanghai Arch Psychiatry. 2017;29(4):208–17.

    PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  70. Cash TF. Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ) user’s manual 2000. Available from: http://www.body-images.com.

  71. Cash TF, Labarge AS. Development of the appearance schemas inventory: a new cognitive body-image assessment. Cogn Ther Res. 1996;20(1):37–50.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  72. da Silva WR, Dias JC, Maroco J, Campos JA. Confirmatory factor analysis of different versions of the Body Shape Questionnaire applied to Brazilian university students. Body Image. 2014;11(4):384–90.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  73. Maiano C, Morin AJ, Lanfranchi MC, Therme P. The Eating Attitudes Test-26 revisited using exploratory structural equation modeling. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2013;41(5):775–88.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  74. Avalos L, Tylka TL, Wood-Barcalow N. The Body Appreciation Scale: development and psychometric evaluation. Body Image. 2005;2(3):285–97.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  75. Rangkakulnuwat P. Development of the body image self-schema scale and the body image possible selves scale for Thai middle-aged women. Chiangmai: Chiangmai University; 2006.

    Google Scholar 

  76. Petrie TA, Tripp MM, Harvey P. Factorial and construct validity of the Body Parts Satisfaction Scale-Revised: an examination of minority and nonminority women. Psychol Women Q. 2002;26(3):213–21.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  77. Mendelson BK, Mendelson MJ, White DR. Body-esteem scale for adolescents and adults. J Pers Assess. 2001;76(1):90–106.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  78. Evans C, Dolan B. Body Shape Questionnaire: derivation of shortened “alternate forms”. Int J Eat Disord. 1993;13(3):315–21.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  79. Garner DM, Olmstead MP, Polivy J. Development and validation of a multidimensional eating disorder inventory for anorexia nervosa and bulimia. Int J Eat Disord. 1983;2(2):15–34.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  80. Cash TF. Body image. In: A IK, editor. The encyclopedia of psychology: Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association and Oxford University Press; 2000. p. p. 436–9.

  81. Dittmar H, Beattie J, Friese S. Objects, decision considerations and self-image in men’s and women’s impulse purchases. Acta Psychol. 1996;93(1–3):187–206.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  82. Halliwell E, Dittmar H. Associations between appearance-related self-discrepancies and young women’s and men’s affect, body satisfaction, and emotional eating: a comparison of fixed-item and participant-generated self-discrepancies. Personal Soc Psychol Bull. 2006;32(4):447–58.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  83. Tripp MM, Petrie TA. Sexual abuse and eating disorders: a test of a conceptual model. Sex Roles. 2001;44(1):17–32.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  84. McKinley NM, Hyde JS. The Objectified Body Consciousness Scale development and validation. Psychol Women Q. 1996;20(2):181–215.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  85. Lindberg SM, Hyde JS, McKinley NM. A measure of objectified body consciousness for preadolescent and adolescent youth. Psychol Women Q. 2006;30(1):65–76.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  86. Noll SM, Fredrickson BL. A mediational model linking self-objectification, body shame, and disordered eating. Psychol Women Q. 1998;22(4):623–36.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  87. Heinberg LJ, Thompson JK, Stormer S. Development and validation of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire. Int J Eat Disord. 1995;17(1):81–9.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  88. Keery H, Shroff H, Thompson JK, Wertheim E, Smolak L. The Sociocultural Internalization of Appearance Questionnaire—Adolescents (SIAQ-A): psychometric analysis and normative data for three countries. Eat Weight Disord. 2004;9(1):56–61.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  89. Thompson JK, van den Berg P, Roehrig M, Guarda AS, Heinberg LJ. The sociocultural attitudes towards appearance scale-3 (SATAQ-3): development and validation. Int J Eat Disord. 2004;35(3):293–304.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  90. Schaefer LM, Burke NL, Thompson JK, Dedrick RF, Heinberg LJ, Calogero RM, et al. Development and validation of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4 (SATAQ-4). Psychol Assess. 2015;27(1):54–67.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  91. McCreary DR, Sasse DK. An exploration of the drive for muscularity in adolescent boys and girls. J Am Coll Heal. 2000;48(6):297–304.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  92. Bessenoff GR. Can the media affect us? Social comparison, self-discrepancy, and the thin ideal. Psychol Women Q. 2006;30(3):239–51.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  93. Thompson JK, Heinberg L, Tantleff S. The Physical Appearance Comparison Scale (PACS). Behav Ther. 1991;14(174).

  94. Tiggemann M, McGill B. The role of social comparison in the effect of magazine advertisements on women's mood and body dissatisfaction. J Soc Clin Psychol. 2004;23(1):23–44.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  95. O'Brien KS, Caputi P, Minto R, Peoples G, Hooper C, Kell S, et al. Upward and downward physical appearance comparisons: development of scales and examination of predictive qualities. Body Image. 2009;6(3):201–6.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  96. Schaefer LM, Thompson JK. The development and validation of the Physical Appearance Comparison Scale-Revised (PACS-R). Eat Behav. 2014;15(2):209–17.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  97. Thompson JK, Heinberg L, Tantleff S. The Physical Appearance Comparison Scale (PACS). Behav Ther. 1991;14(174).

  98. Berkman LF, Syme SL. Social networks, host resistance, and mortality: a nine-year follow-up study of Alameda County residents. Am J Epidemiol. 1979;109(2):186–204.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  99. Hausenblas HA, Campbell A, Menzel JE, Doughty J, Levine M, Thompson JK. Media effects of experimental presentation of the ideal physique on eating disorder symptoms: a meta-analysis of laboratory studies. Clin Psychol Rev. 2013;33(1):168–81.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  100. Thoman E, Jolls T. Literacy for the 21st century: an overview & orientation guide to media literacy education 2003. Available from: http://www.medialit.org/sites/default/files/01_MLKorientation.pdf.

  101. Carrotte ER, Prichard I, Lim MS. “Fitspiration” on Social Media: a content analysis of gendered images. J Med Internet Res. 2017;19(3):e95.

  102. Bacon L, Stern JS, Van Loan MD, Keim NL. Size acceptance and intuitive eating improve health for obese, female chronic dieters. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005;105(6):929–36.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  103. Dalen J, Smith BW, Shelley BM, Sloan AL, Leahigh L, Begay D. Pilot study: Mindful Eating and Living (MEAL): weight, eating behavior, and psychological outcomes associated with a mindfulness-based intervention for people with obesity. Complement Ther Med. 2010;18(6):260–4.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  104. Schaefer JT, Magnuson AB. A review of interventions that promote eating by internal cues. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2014;114(5):734–60.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Sophie Desroches.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

This article is part of the Topical Collection on Psychological Issues

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Dumas, AA., Desroches, S. Women’s Use of Social Media: What Is the Evidence About Their Impact on Weight Management and Body Image?. Curr Obes Rep 8, 18–32 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13679-019-0324-4

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13679-019-0324-4

Keywords

  • Social media
  • Weight management
  • Body image
  • Women’s health
  • Adolescents
  • Review