Expected Satiety: Application to Weight Management and Understanding Energy Selection in Humans
- 629 Downloads
Recent advances in the approaches used to quantify expectations of satiation and satiety have led to a better understanding of how humans select and consume food, and the associated links to energy intake regulation. When compared calorie for calorie some foods are expected to deliver several times more satiety than others, and multiple studies have demonstrated that people are able to discriminate between similar foods reliably and with considerable sensitivity. These findings have implications for the control of meal size and the design of foods that can be used to lower the energy density of diets. These methods and findings are discussed in terms of their implications for weight management. The current paper also highlights why expected satiety may also play an important role beyond energy selection, in moderating appetite sensations after a meal has been consumed, through memory for recent eating and the selection of foods across future meals.
KeywordsExpected satiety Portion selection Food intake
Jeff Brunstrom’s research is supported by the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007–2013 under Grant Agreement 607310 [Nudge-it]) and by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC, grant references BB/I012370/1 and BB/J00562/1).
Compliance with Ethics Guidelines
Conflict of Interest
Ciarán G. Forde, Eva Almiron-Roig, and Jeffrey M. Brunstrom declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance
- 3.Bolhuis DP, Lakemond CMM, de Wijk RA, Luning PA, de Graaf C. Consumption with large sip sizes increases food intake and leads to underestimation of the amount consumed. Plos One. 2013;8(1):e53288. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0053288.
- 9.Masic U, Yeomans MR. Does monosodium glutamate interact with macronutrient composition to influence subsequent appetite? Physiol Behav. 2013;116–117:23–9. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2013.03.017.
- 22.Brogden N. Effects of appetite status and percieved satiation on portion size estimation in men. 2009, University of Chester.Google Scholar
- 33.Forde CG, et al. Expectations of satiation and satiety are a better predictor of self-selected portion size than liking. In: British feeding and drinking group. 2011. Appetite.Google Scholar
- 37.Wansink B, Johnson KA. The clean plate club: about 92% of self-served food is eaten. Int J Obes. 2014.Google Scholar
- 41.Ferriday D, et al. Exploring relationships between expected satiation, eating topography and actual satiety across a range of meals. In: British feeding and drinking group. 2013, Appetite. p. 474.Google Scholar
- 43.McCrickerd K et al. Subtle changes in the flavour and texture of a drink enhance expectations of satiety. Flavour Sci Recent Dev. 2012;1(20):1–11.Google Scholar
- 48.Brunstrom JM, et al. Episodic memory and appetite regulation in humans. Plos One, 2012; 7(12)Google Scholar
- 60.Lee RB. What hunters do for a living, or, how to make out on scarce resources. In: Lee RB, DeVore I, editors. Man the hunter. Piscataway: Aldine Transaction; 1968. p. 30–48.Google Scholar