Current Geriatrics Reports

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 125–136 | Cite as

Implementing Medical Nutritional Therapy Through Dietary Patterns in Prevention and Treatment of Diabetes

  • Ramfis Nieto-MartínezEmail author
  • Juan P. González-Rivas
  • María M. Infante-García
Nutrition, Obesity and Diabetes (L Falque-Madrid and H Florez, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Nutrition, Obesity, and Diabetes


Purpose of the Review

To review the studies assessing dietary patterns for type 2 diabetes (T2D) treatment and prevention recently published.

Recent Findings

Different nutrients, foods, and dietary patterns have shown benefits in treatment and prevention of T2D. However, the implementation of nutritional strategies and making the information easily available to interested populations are a challenge.


The medical nutritional therapy recommendations included in the diabetes clinical practice guidelines were summarized, updated the studies reporting the effectiveness of dietary patterns on T2D, and proposed strategies to implement these recommendations in real-life scenarios. The conclusion is that there is not a unique dietary approach to prevent or treat T2D. Strategies should include the achievement and maintenance of a healthy weight and dietary intervention reducing carbohydrates to 30% of total calories. Interventions should be previously transculturalized and then implemented through simple tools such as the Transcultural Diabetes Nutrition Algorithm.


Diabetes mellitus type 2 Prediabetes Nutrition Food pattern Diabetes prevention tDNA 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Ramfis Nieto-Martínez, Juan P. González-Rivas, and María M. Infante-García declare no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major Importance

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Ramfis Nieto-Martínez
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
    Email author
  • Juan P. González-Rivas
    • 5
    • 6
  • María M. Infante-García
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.South Florida Veterans Affairs Foundation for Research & Education and Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center (GRECC)Miami VA Healthcare SystemMiamiUSA
  2. 2.Miami Veterans Affairs Medical CenterMiamiUSA
  3. 3.Department of Global Health and Population. Harvard TH Chan School of Public HealthHarvard UniversityBostonUSA
  4. 4.Department of Physiology, School of MedicineUniversity Centro-Occidental “Lisandro Alvarado” and Cardio-metabolic Unit 7BarquisimetoVenezuela
  5. 5.Foundation for Public Health and Epidemiology Research in Venezuela (FISPEVen)CaracasVenezuela
  6. 6.The Andes Clinic of Cardiometabolic StudiesMéridaVenezuela

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