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Impact of Energy Drinks on Health and Well-being

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Energy drinks and energy shots are functional supplements with higher caffeine content marketed toward adolescents and young adults with the intention of boosting energy. Parallel to its rising popularity, there are safety concerns with the consumption of these beverages. Herein, we reviewed the impact these supplements produce on health and well-being.

Recent Findings

Most of the promoted benefits of the beverages can be attributed to caffeine. The physiologic effects, if any, of other ingredients such as vitamins and herbal extracts are unclear. The presence of a higher caffeine content as compared to soft drinks may predispose to caffeine intoxication in susceptible individuals. Also, the practice of co-ingestion of these beverages with alcohol is still prevalent and associated with serious consequences.

Summary

Strict regulations (restriction of sales, clear warning labels, capping caffeine levels) and public education may help prevent the adverse outcomes from these beverages.

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Correspondence to Senthilkumar Sankararaman.

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Conflict of Interest

Senthilkumar Sankararaman is supported by a sponsored fellowship program with the Nestlé Nutrition Institute.

Wahid Syed declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Valentina Medici declares that she has no conflict of interest.

Thomas J. Sferra declares that he has no conflict of interest.

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This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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This article is part of the Topical Collection on Gastroenterology, Critical Care, and Lifestyle Medicine

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Sankararaman, S., Syed, W., Medici, V. et al. Impact of Energy Drinks on Health and Well-being. Curr Nutr Rep 7, 121–130 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13668-018-0231-4

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Keywords

  • Energy drinks
  • Energy shots
  • Supplements
  • Caffeine
  • Taurine