Inheritance of Religiosity Among Muslim Immigrants in a Secular Society

Abstract

This study examined the intergenerational transmission of religiosity within Muslim immigrant families who live in the Netherlands, a rather secular society. We studied whether transmission of religiosity within immigrant families is influenced by warm family relations on the one hand, and integration into the host country on the other hand. Two analyses were carried out on a nationally representative sample of Turkish and Moroccan first- and second-generation immigrants aged 15–45, in the Netherlands. The findings support the hypotheses to some extent: warm family ties are found to facilitate religious transmission but transmission is stronger when parents have different national backgrounds. A stronger transmission is found within families that are stronger embedded in religious communities; however there are large differences between men and women. Our research shows that the influence of parental religiosity cannot be ignored in the study of immigrants’ religiosity.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    This response rate is common for face-to-face surveys in the Netherlands among Turkish and Moroccan minorities (Stoop 2005).

  2. 2.

    The group of “third generation” Turkish and Moroccan migrants (at least one grandparent from Turkey or Morocco) is estimated by Statistics Netherlands to be only 1.4 % of the Turkish migrants and 1.8 % of the Moroccan migrants.

  3. 3.

    Yule’s Q is calculated as follows: if a is the frequency of respondents who do not behave religiously and whose parents also do not; b is the frequency of non-religiously behaving people whose parents are; c is the frequency of religiously behaving respondents but whose parents are not; and d is the frequency of respondents and parents who behave religiously and whose parents do as well, \( Q = \frac{ad - bc}{ad + bc} \).

  4. 4.

    It is not possible to estimate covariances between some indicators in the structural model in order to improve the fit, this is probably because of the estimator used by Mplus in the structural model (MLR).

  5. 5.

    The effect of satisfaction is grand mean centered to obtain interpretable interaction coefficients with parental religiosity.

  6. 6.

    The z-statistic was obtained using the formula \( z = \frac{{b_{1} - b_{2} }}{{\sqrt {SEb_{1}^{2} + SEb_{2}^{2} } }} \).

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Correspondence to Jasper van de Pol.

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van de Pol, J., van Tubergen, F. Inheritance of Religiosity Among Muslim Immigrants in a Secular Society. Rev Relig Res 56, 87–106 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13644-013-0128-z

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Keywords

  • Religious transmission
  • Islam
  • Integration