The Effects of R-Rated Movies on Adolescent and Young Adult Religiosity: Media as Self-Socialization
- 538 Downloads
Arnett (J Youth Adolesc 24:519–533, 1995) has suggested that media are a form of self-socialization, meaning that people choose the media they consume and in turn become socialized into certain beliefs and values. Research has suggested that viewing R-rated movies may lead to decreases in religiosity (Barry et al. in J Adult Deviance 19:66–78, 2012), but the direction of causality in this study is questionable. This research improves upon Barry, Padilla-Walker, and Nelson’s study by including control variables for peer and family influence while utilizing panel data for longitudinal data analysis. Findings from the 2003, 2005, and 2007–2008 waves of the National Study of Youth and Religion (NSYR) suggest that viewing R-rated movies does indeed lead to decreases in church attendance and salience of religious faith, but it does not influence certainty and selective acceptance of religious beliefs. These results are discussed in light of self-socialization and their implications for how future studies might examine the relationship between R-rated movies and religiosity.
KeywordsAdolescent religiosity Religious socialization Emerging adulthood
- Armet, Stephen. 2009. Religious socialization and identity formation of adolescents in high tension religions. Review of Religious Research 50(3): 277–297.Google Scholar
- Arnett, Jeffery J. 2007. Socialization in emerging adulthood: From the family for the wider world, from socialization to self-socialization. In Handbook of socialization: Theory and research, ed. Joan E. Grusec, and Paul D. Hastings, 208–231. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
- Clark, Lynn. 2003. From angels to aliens: Teenagers, the media, and the supernatural. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Clydesdale, Timothy. 2007. The first year out. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Hoover, Stuart. 2006. Religion in the media age. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Larson, R., and M.H. Richards. 1994. Divergent realities: The emotional lives of mother, fathers, and adolescents. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
- National Survey of American Attitudes on Substance Abuse X: Teens and Parents. 2005. Conducted by The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University. Accessed November 28, 2012 at http://www.casacolumbia.org/templates/publications_reports.aspx.
- Regenerus, Mark D., and Jeremy E. Uecker. 2006. Finding faith, losing faith: The prevalence and context of religious transformations during adolescence. Review of Religious Research 47(3): 217–237.Google Scholar
- Steensland, Brian, Jerry Z. Park, Mark D. Regnerus, Lynn D. Robinson, W.Bradford Wilcox, and Robert D. Woodberry. 2000. The measure of American religion: Toward improving the state of the art. Social Forces 79(1): 291–318.Google Scholar
- Tanski, Susanne E., Sonya Dal Cin, Mike Stoolmiller, and James D. Sargent. 2010. Parental R-rated movie restriction and early-onset alcohol use. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs 71(3): 452–460.Google Scholar