Metallography, Microstructure, and Analysis

, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 209–221 | Cite as

Tensile Properties Variation Across the Dissimilar Metal Weld Joint Between Modified 9Cr–1Mo Ferritic Steel and 316LN Stainless Steel at RT and 550 °C

  • K. Karthick
  • S. Malarvizhi
  • V. Balasubramanian
  • A. Gourav Rao
Technical Article


In liquid metal cooled fast breeder reactors (LMFBR), modified 9Cr–1Mo ferritic steel (P91 or Grade 91) is a preferred material for constructing steam generators due to its creep strength and stress corrosion cracking resistance. The austenitic stainless steels (SS 316LN and SS 304LN) are widely used for primary and secondary piping systems because of its oxidation resistance and excellent creep strength. So, the dissimilar metal weld joint (DMWJ) between P91 and SS 316LN is inevitable. Nickel-based consumables (Alloy 82 and Alloy 182) are preferred to join these materials. The DMWJ will experience the temperature up to 550 °C. For accurate integrity assessment, the mechanical properties of individual regions are to be evaluated at room temperature (RT) and 550 °C. Hence, the present investigation is focused on evaluating the mechanical properties of various regions of DMWJ at RT and 550 °C. From this investigation, it is understood that the tensile properties are heterogeneous across the DMWJ at RT and 550 °C. The high-temperature (550 °C) tensile properties are significantly lower with respect to the RT properties. The development of complex microstructures at the interfaces will alter the mechanical properties across the DMWJ.


P91-ferritic steel SS 316LN stainless steel Dissimilar metal weld joint Tensile properties Microstructures Microhardness 



The authors are grateful to UGC-DAE CSR (Kalpakkam node) for providing financial assistance (Project No. CSR-KN/CRS-56/2013-14/655) to carry out this investigation. Authors wish to record their sincere thanks to M/s. Mailam India Pvt. Limited, Pondicherry, for the consumables supply. Authors are also thankful to The Director, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR), Kalpakkam, for providing base metals for carrying out this investigation. Authors are thankful to Director, Naval Materials Research Laboratory (NMRL), Ambernath, for providing hot tensile test facility. The technical supports rendered by Mr. S. A. Krishnan, Scientist-E and Dr. G. Sasikala, Scientist-H+ from IGCAR, Kalpakkam, are gratefully acknowledged.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature and ASM International 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Manufacturing Engineering, Centre for Materials Joining and Research (CEMAJOR)Annamalai UniversityAnnamalai NagarIndia
  2. 2.Naval Materials Research Laboratory (NMRL)AmbernathIndia

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