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Comparison of teak wood properties according to forest management: short versus long rotation

  • Dwi Erikan Rizanti
  • Wayan Darmawan
  • Béatrice George
  • André Merlin
  • Stéphane Dumarcay
  • Hubert Chapuis
  • Christine Gérardin
  • Eric Gelhaye
  • Phila Raharivelomanana
  • Rita Kartika Sari
  • Wasrin Syafii
  • Rozi Mohamed
  • Philippe Gerardin
Original Paper

Abstract

Key message

Teak ( Tectona grandis L.f.) is one of the most important tropical hardwood tree species, which is widely planted in Indonesia. Wood properties are strongly influenced by forest management conditioning further utilization of wood.

Context

In Indonesia, teak wood has been supplied from the state forests (Perhutani) for long rotation teak and from community teak plantations for short rotation teak. Short rotation teak has been harvested at 7–10 years and long rotation teak at 40–60 years.

Aims

This paper discusses the characterization of technical properties of short and long rotation teak wood based on the chemical, anatomical, physical, and mechanical properties.

Methods

The properties of short rotation and long rotation teak woods were characterized by measuring their density, extractive contents, chemical composition, swelling, wettability, water sorption isotherm, decay resistance, anatomical properties, bending strength (modulus of rupture (MOR), modulus of elasticity (MOE)), and hardness.

Results

The results indicate that short rotation teak was not particularly different in swelling, MOE and MOR, and Brinell hardness compared to long rotation teak, although it was less dense and less durable due to lower heartwood and extractive contents. Therefore, careful attention should be given to the use of short rotation teak in some wood-processing technologies.

Conclusion

Lower wood density and durability of the short rotation compared to the long rotation teak will restrict its utilization to some extent for both indoor and outdoor applications. Fast-growing teak from community cannot be used as usual heartwood teak from Perhutani because of the very low proportion of useful heartwood in the stem.

Keywords

Extractives Durability Forest management Rotation Tectona grandis Wood properties 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the Ministry of Education and Culture Indonesia (BPKLN) and RISTEK DIKTI for the master degree scholarship of Dwi Erikan Rizanti and the “Ministère des Affaires Etrangères et du Développement International” (MAEDI) for its financial support through the Bio-Asie program. LERMAB is supported by a grant overseen by the French National Research Agency (ANR) as part of the “Investissements d’Avenir” program (ANR-11-LABX-0002-01. Lab of Excellence ARBRE).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© INRA and Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dwi Erikan Rizanti
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wayan Darmawan
    • 2
  • Béatrice George
    • 1
  • André Merlin
    • 1
  • Stéphane Dumarcay
    • 1
  • Hubert Chapuis
    • 1
  • Christine Gérardin
    • 1
  • Eric Gelhaye
    • 3
  • Phila Raharivelomanana
    • 4
  • Rita Kartika Sari
    • 2
  • Wasrin Syafii
    • 2
  • Rozi Mohamed
    • 5
  • Philippe Gerardin
    • 1
  1. 1.Université de Lorraine Inra, LERMAB F-54000NancyFrance
  2. 2.Department of Forest ProductsBogor Agricultural University, Kampus IPB DramagaBogorIndonesia
  3. 3.Université de LorraineInra, IAM, F-54000NancyFrance
  4. 4.Ecosystèmes Insulaires Océaniens UMR 241Université de la Polynésie FrançaiseTahitiFrance
  5. 5.Department of Forest Management, Faculty of ForestryUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia

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