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Table 2 Distance-based redundancy analysis (dbRDA) of vegetation coverage.

From: Agri-environment schemes are associated with greater terrestrial invertebrate abundance and richness in upland grasslands

Ordination metrics   Axis 1 Axis 2
Eigenvalues   5.999 0.653
% variance   15.1 1.6
Cumulative % variance   15.1 16.8
Common name Latin name Axis loadings
Perennial ryegrass Lolium perenne  − 1.842 0.217
Yorkshire fog Holcus lanatus 1.239 0.597
Crested dogstail Cynosurus cristatus 1.113 0.052
Creeping buttercup Ranunculus repens 0.535 0.169
White clover Trifolium repens 0.260  − 0.219
Broad-leaved dock Rumex obtusifolius  − 0.164 0.495
Timothy grass Phleum pratense  − 0.432  − 0.078
Meadow foxtail Alopecurus pratensis  − 0.421  − 0.198
Annual meadowgrass Poa annua  − 0.035  − 0.123
Common bent grass Agrostis capillaris 0.255  − 0.111
Common chickweed Stellaria media  − 0.011 0.002
Common mouse-ear Cerastium fontanum  − 0.330  − 0.062
Common couch Elymus repens  − 0.007 0.065
Daisy Bellis perennis  − 0.051  − 0.029
Oxeye daisy Leucanthemum vulgare 0.069  − 0.030
Meadow thistle Cirsium dissectum 0.082  − 0.076
Sphagnum moss Sphagnum (genus) 1.074  − 0.266
Soft rush Juncus effusus 0.669  − 0.167
Hard rush Juncus inflexus 0.176 0.037
Mat grass Nardus stricta 0.387  − 0.171
Tufted hair grass Deschampsia cespitosa 0.124  − 0.013
Purple moor-grass Molinia caerulea 0.155  − 0.069
Devil’s-bit scabious Succisa pratensis 0.055  − 0.024
Lady’s thumb smartweed Persicaria maculosa  − 0.104  − 0.037
Eyebright Euphrasia (genus) 0.004 0.039
Marsh lousewort Pedicularis palustris 0.028  − 0.012
Star sedge Carex echinata 0.100  − 0.044
Common nettle Urtica dioica 0.003 0.029
Yarrow Achillea millefolium 0.180 0.112
Dandelion Taraxacum officinale 0.106  − 0.047
Ribwort plantain Plantago lanceolata 0.008 0.081
Marsh horsetail Equisetum palustre 0.031  − 0.013
Marsh arrowgrass Triglochin palustris 0.031  − 0.013