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Table 2 Anthesis sampling

From: Ancient wheat species are suitable to grain-only and grain plus herbage utilisations in marginal Mediterranean environments

  Total biomass Spike biomass Stems per unit surface Cumulated intercepted radiation Radiation use-efficiency Cumulated transpiration Transpiration efficiency
  (t ha-1) (t ha-1) (n m-2) (MJ m-2) (g MJ-1) (mm) (g m-2 mm-1)
Year (Y) * ns * ** ** ns ***
Cultivar ( C) ** *** *** *** *** *** ***
Y x C ** *** *** *** ** ns **
Clipping (Cl) *** ** *** ** *** ** ***
Cl x Y *** ns *** ns ** ns **
C x Cl *** * *** * *** * ***
C x Cl x Y ns ns ns ns ns ns ns
  Unclipped Clipped Unclipped Clipped Unclipped Clipped Unclipped Clipped Unclipped Clipped Unclipped Clipped Unclipped Clipped
Mean 16.3 12.0 1.9 1.6 566 585 1260 1181 1.35 1.06 218 210 7.6 5.7
Cappelli 19.3 14.4 1.7 1.5 360 329 1241 1202 1.56 1.20 224 218 8.7 6.6
Khorasan 19.1 11.6 2.0 1.4 299 221 1304 1182 1.49 1.03 230 217 8.3 5.4
Giovanni Paolo 14.3 8.2 1.8 1.4 464 446 812 850 1.75 0.96 160 163 9.0 5.0
Padre Pio 16.4 14.1 2.2 2.3 635 568 1397 1199 1.18 1.22 245 220 6.8 6.5
Monlis 12.9 13.4 2.0 2.1 835 1138 1384 1319 0.99 1.11 212 215 6.1 6.3
Norberto 15.6 10.0 1.8 1.2 803 809 1422 1334 1.11 0.82 237 226 6.5 4.4
LSD0.05 2.0 0.3 108 114 0.21 15 1.0
  2016 2017 2016 2017 2016 2017 2016 2017 2016 2017 2016 2017 2016 2017
Mean 15.2 13.1 1.7 1.9 579 570 1433 994 1.11 1.31 215 212 7.1 6.2
Cappelli 19.1 15.2 1.6 1.6 352 339 1341 1120 1.43 1.36 221 221 8.6 6.9
Khorasan 14.4 17.1 1.2 2.3 271 254 1391 1081 1.04 1.56 229 217 6.3 7.8
Giovanni Paolo 13.3 9.3 1.5 1.7 399 520 919 727 1.47 1.28 168 154 8.1 6.0
Padre Pio 15.8 14.7 2.0 2.5 594 603 1423 1177 1.11 1.28 225 237 7.0 6.3
Monlis 14.6 11.5 2.3 1.7 975 975 1742 902 0.84 1.28 212 216 6.9 5.3
Norberto 14.1 10.7 1.5 1.4 881 732 1786 957 0.78 1.11 235 226 5.9 4.7
LSD0.05 2.1 - 109 - 0.24 - 1.1
  1. Total biomass, capture, and efficiency in the use of water and radiation and related traits. Results of the ANOVA (ns, not significant; *, significant at P ≤ 0.05; **, significant at P ≤ 0.01; ***, significant at P ≤ 0.001;). Cultivar × treatment and cultivar × year means and LSD (P ≤ 0.05) for the comparison of means