Scientific note: first global report of a bee nest built only with plastic
Agricultural plastic waste can alter wildlife diversity and behavior. Species survival will depend on their ability to adapt to new environmental conditions. In a seed-producing farm, a Megachile sp. nest made fully with plastic was found in a trap nest. This record represents the first one worldwide on revealing the use of plastic in the total construction of a bee nest.
Keywordssolitary bees plastic adaptive flexibility
We would like to thank Diego Vázquez for valuable comments on an earlier version of the manuscript and José Martín for allowing us to work in his field.
MLA and HJM conducted field sampling; MLA, HJM, JD, and JPT analyzed the data and wrote the paper. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
This study was supported by the INTA fellowship Disp. No. 942/15, Res. No. 108/17, PRET VAyNE-1251510, PROFEDER-785140, and PANAPI-1112044.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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