A scientific note on first detection of Kashmir bee virus in Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in South America
The honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) is considered an important pollinator for many agricultural crops and other non-domesticated plant species worldwide (Potts et al. 2010). Similar to other agricultural-based countries, beekeeping is an important activity in Chile, not only because it provides pollination services for fruit and seed production, but also because it exports honey bee products to other countries. Although there is not enough published information about the mortality of colonies in Chile, beekeepers have undergone an increasing loss of colonies in recent years. Possible causes for these losses are still unclear, but these mortalities coincide with recent honey bee colony losses around the world (Neumann and Carreck 2010).
Several pathogens, including honey bee viruses, have been involved in honey bee colony collapse disorder (Cox-Foster et al. 2007). Currently, about 24 viruses have been identified in honey bees worldwide. Although some of these viruses produce...
KeywordsKBV honey bee real-time PCR virus prevalence
This study was supported by Grants FONDECYT N° 1140653 from the National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research, CONICYT, Chile.
MV conceived this research; GR, performed experiments and analysis; GR, NA, NZ, and GS participated in the design and interpretation of the data; MR and MG participated in collection of bee samples. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
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