Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology

, Volume 59, Issue 2, pp 205–213 | Cite as

Calcium chloride and calcium gluconate peduncle infiltrations alleviate the internal browning of Queen pineapple in refrigerated storage

  • Pannipa Youryon
  • Suriyan Supapvanich
  • Pornprapa Kongtrakool
  • Chalermchai Wongs-Aree
Research Report Postharvest Technology
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Abstract

This study determined the effects of calcium chloride (CaCl2) and calcium gluconate (CaGlu) in alleviating the incidence of internal browning (IB) in ‘Queen’ pineapple (Ananas comosus) cv. ‘Sawi’ during storage at 13 °C. Pineapples were vertically peduncle-infiltrated with 2% CaCl2 or 2% CaGlu for 48 h. IB and browning-related factors of tissue adjacent to the core were investigated after 7 and 14 days of cold storage followed by 2 days at room temperature. CaGlu treatment alleviated IB intensity and severity more effectively than CaCl2. CaCl2 and CaGlu retarded membrane peroxidation and the activity of browning enzymes such as phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and polyphenol oxidase and increased the total phenols in the fruit. However, CaGlu-treated fruit had lower levels of tissue electrolyte leakage and lipoxygenase activity and higher antioxidant capacity and antioxidant enzyme activity. This evidence suggests that CaGlu peduncle infiltration is the preferred choice for alleviating IB in ‘Queen’ pineapple during low temperature storage.

Keywords

‘Queen’ pineapple CaCl2 Calcium gluconate Internal browning 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the National Research Council of Thailand. We thank King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Prince of Chumphon campus for providing facilities supporting this project.

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Copyright information

© Korean Society for Horticultural Science and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pannipa Youryon
    • 1
  • Suriyan Supapvanich
    • 2
  • Pornprapa Kongtrakool
    • 1
  • Chalermchai Wongs-Aree
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural TechnologyKing Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Prince of Chumphon CampusPathiuThailand
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural Education, Faculty of Industrial Education and TechnologyKing Mongkut’s Institute of Technology LadkrabangBangkokThailand
  3. 3.Postharvest Technology Program, School of Bioresources and TechnologyKing Mongkut’s University of Technology ThonburiBangkokThailand
  4. 4.Postharvest Technology Innovation Center, Commission on Higher EducationBangkokThailand

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