Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology

, Volume 58, Issue 6, pp 576–584 | Cite as

Effect of hydrogen-rich water on vase life and quality in cut lily and rose flowers

  • Peng-Ju Ren
  • Xin Jin
  • Wei-Biao Liao
  • Meng Wang
  • Li-Juan Niu
  • Xue-Ping Li
  • Xiao-Ting Xu
  • Yong-Chao Zhu
Research Report
  • 112 Downloads

Abstract

Hydrogen gas (H2) functions as an important signaling molecule in diverse plant developmental processes. H2 is thought to delay postharvest ripening and senescence in fruit. However, little is known about the influence of H2 on flower senescence. This study was conducted to determine whether H2 treatment could improve vase life and quality in cut lily (Lilium spp.) and rose (Rosa hybrid L.) flowers. Treatment with 0.5% and 1% hydrogen-rich water (HRW) increased vase life and maximum flower diameter in lily. In addition, 50% HRW treatment significantly increased vase life and maximum flower diameter in cut rose flowers. The fresh weight and leaf relative water content in cut lilies and roses were enhanced by proper doses of HRW. Compared with the control, HRW treatment decreased leaf stomata size in cut lily and rose flowers. HRW treatment significantly reduced leaf malondialdehyde contents and electrolyte leakage in cut lilies. Antioxidant enzyme activities were also improved by HRW treatment in cut lily and rose flowers. These results suggest that exogenously applied H2 might improve vase life and postharvest quality in cut flowers by maintaining proper water balance and membrane stability and by reducing stomata size and oxidative damage.

Additional key words

antioxidant enzyme activity cut flowers hydrogen gas senescence stomata size water content 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aghdam MS, Naderi R, Sarcheshmeh MAA, Babalar M (2015) Amelioration of postharvest chilling injury in anthurium cut flowers by γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) treatments. Postharvest Biol Technol 110:70–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arrom L, Munné-Bosch S (2012) Sucrose accelerates flower opening and delays senescence through a hormonal effect in cut lily flowers. Plant Sci 188:41–47CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Azad AK, Ishikawa T, Ishikawa T, Sawa Y, Shibata H (2008) Intracellular energy depletion triggers programmed cell death during petal senescence in tulip. J Exp Bot 59:2085–2095CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Bahrami SN, Zakizadeh H, Hamidoghli Y, Ghasemnezhad M (2013) Salicylic acid retards petal senescence in cut lisianthus (Eustoma grandiflorum ‘Miarichi Grand White’) flowers. Hortic Environ Biotechnol 54:519–523CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brodribb TJ, McAdam SA (2011) Passive origins of stomatal control in vascular plants. Science 331:582–585CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Cui WT, Gao CY, Fang P, Lin GQ, Shen WB (2013) Alleviation of cadmium toxicity in Medicago sativa by hydrogen-rich water. J Hazard Mater 260:715–724CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Dolan C, Humphrey J (2000) Governance and trade in fresh vegetables: the impact of UK supermarkets on the African horticulture industry. J Dev Stud 37:147–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fan HM, Li T, Sun X, Sun XZ, Zheng CS (2015) Effects of humic acid derived from sediments on the postharvest vase life extension in cut chrysanthemum flowers. Postharvest Biol Technol 101:82–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fanourakis D, Pieruschka R, Savvides A, Macnish AJ, Sarlikioti V, Woltering EJ (2013) Sources of vase life variation in cut roses: a review. Postharvest Biol Technol 78:1–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Garci-a-Mata C, Lamattina L (2001) Nitric oxide induces stomatal closure and enhances the adaptive plant responses against drought stress. Plant Physiol 126:1196–1204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hong Y, Chen S, Zhang JM (2010) Hydrogen as a selective antioxidant: a review of clinical and experimental studies. J Int Med Res 38:1893–1903CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Hu HL, Li PX, Wang YN, Gu RX (2014) Hydrogen-rich water delays postharvest ripening and senescence of kiwifruit. Food Chem 156:100–109CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Jin QJ, Zhu KK, Cui WT, Xie YJ, Han B, Shen WB (2013) Hydrogen gas acts as a novel bioactive molecule in enhancing plant tolerance to paraquat-induced oxidative stress via the modulation of heme oxygenase-1 signalling system. Plant Cell Environ 36:956–969CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Kazemi M, Hadavi E, Hekmati J (2011) Role of salicylic acid in decreases of membrane senescence in cut carnation flowers. Am J Plant Physiol 6:106–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Liao WB, Zhang ML, Huang GB, Yu JH (2012) Hydrogen peroxide in the vase solution increases vase life and keeping quality of cut Oriental× Trumpet hybrid lily ‘Manissa’. Sci Hortic 139:32–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Liao WB, Zhang ML, Yu JH (2013) Role of nitric oxide in delaying senescence of cut rose flowers and its interaction with ethylene. Sci Hortic 155:30–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lin YT, Zhang W, Qi F, Cui WT, Xie YJ, Shen WB (2014) Hydrogen-rich water regulates cucumber adventitious root development in a heme oxygenase-1/carbon monoxide-dependent manner. J Plant Physiol 171:1–8CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Loutfy N, El-Tayeb MA, Hassanen AM, Moustafa MF, Sakuma Y, Inouhe M (2012) Changes in the water status and osmotic solute contents in response to drought and salicylic acid treatments in four different cultivars of wheat (Triticum aestivum). J Plant Res 125:173–184CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Nergi MAD, Ahmadi N (2014) Effects of 1-MCP and ethylene on postharvest quality and expression of senescence-associated genes in cut rose cv. Sparkle. Sci Hortic 166:78–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ohsawa I, Ishikawa M, Takahashi K, Watanabe M, Nishimaki K, Yamagata K, Katsura K, Katayama Y, Asoh S, et al (2007) Hydrogen acts as a therapeutic antioxidant by selectively reducing cytotoxic oxygen radicals. Nat Med 13:688–694CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Onozaki T, Ikeda H, Yamaguchi T (2001) Genetic improvement of vase life of carnation flowers by crossing and selection. Sci Hortic 87:107–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Pompodakis NE, Terry LA, Joyce DC, Lydakis DE, Papadimitriou MD (2005) Effect of seasonal variation and storage temperature on leaf chlorophyll fluo-rescence and vase life of cut roses. Postharvest Biol Technol 36:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rafdi HHM, Joyce DC, Lisle A, Li X, Irving DE, Gupta M (2014) A retrospective study of vase life determinants for cut Acacia holosericea foliage. Sci Hortic 180:254–261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Renwick GM, Giumarro C, Siegel SM (1964) Hydrogen metabolism in higher plants. Plant Physiol 39:303–306CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  25. Saeed T, Hassan I, Abbasi NA, Jilani G (2014) Effect of gibberellic acid on the vase life and oxidative activities in senescing cut gladiolus flowers. Plant Growth Regul 72:89–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Shabala S, Hariadi Y, Jacobsen SE (2013) Genotypic difference in salinity tolerance in quinoa is determined by differential control of xylem Na + loading and stomatal density. J Plant Physiol 170:906–914CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Shaheen R, Hassan I, Hafiz IA, Jilani G, Abbasi NA (2015) Balanced zinc nutrition enhances the antioxidative activities in Oriental lily cut-flower leading to improved growth and vase quality. Sci Hortic 197:644–649CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Song LL, Liu H, You YL, Sun J, Yi C, Li YB, Jiang YM, Wu JS (2014) Quality deterioration of cut carnation flowers involves in antioxidant systems and energy status. Sci Hortic 170:45–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Su NN, Wu Q, Liu YY, Cai JT, Shen WB, Xia K, Cui J (2014) Hydrogen-rich water reestablishes ROS homeostasis but exerts differential effects on anthocyanin synthesis in two varieties of radish sprouts under UV-A irradiation. J Agric Food Chem 62:6454–6462CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Wang Y, Duan XL, Xu S, Wang R, Ouyang ZZ, Shen WB (2016) Linking hydrogen-mediated boron toxicity tolerance with improvement of root elongation, water status and reactive oxygen species balance: a case study for rice. Ann Bot 118:1279–1291CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  31. Wu Q, Su NN, Cai JT, Shen ZG, Cui J (2015) Hydrogen-rich water enhances cadmium tolerance in Chinese cabbage by reducing cadmium uptake and increasing antioxidant capacities. J Plant Physiol 175:174–182CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Xie YJ, Mao Y, Lai D, Zhang W, Shen WB (2012) H2 enhances Arabidopsis salt tolerance by manipulating ZAT10/12-mediated antioxidant defence and controlling sodium exclusion. PLoS ONE 7:e49800CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  33. Xie YJ, Mao Y, Zhang W, Lai DW, Wang QY, Shen WB (2014) Reactive oxygen species-dependent nitric oxide production contributes to hydrogen-promoted stomatal closure in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol 165:759–773CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  34. Xie YJ, Zhang W, Duan XL, Dai C, Zhang YH, Cui WT, Wang R, Shen WB (2015) Hydrogen-rich water-alleviated ultraviolet-B-triggered oxidative damage is partially associated with the manipulation of the metabolism of (iso) flavonoids and antioxidant defence in Medicago sativa. Funct Plant Biol 42:1141–1157Google Scholar
  35. Xu S, Zhu SS, Jiang YL, Wang N, Wang R, Shen WB, Yang J (2013) Hydrogen-rich water alleviates salt stress in rice during seed germination. Plant Soil 370:47–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Zamani S, Kazemi M, Aran M (2011) Postharvest life of cut rose flowers as affected by salicylic acid and glutamin. World Appl Sci J 12:1621–1624Google Scholar
  37. Zeng JQ, Zhang MY, Sun XJ (2013) Molecular hydrogen is involved in phytohormone signaling and stress responses in plants. PLoS ONE 8:e71038CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  38. Zeng JQ, Ye ZH, Sun XJ (2014) Progress in the study of biological effects of hydrogen on higher plants and its promising application in agriculture. Med Gas Res 4:15CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  39. Zheng XF, Sun XJ, Xia ZF (2011) Hydrogen resuscitation, a new cytoprotective approach. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 38:155–163CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Society for Horticultural Science and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peng-Ju Ren
    • 1
  • Xin Jin
    • 1
  • Wei-Biao Liao
    • 1
  • Meng Wang
    • 1
  • Li-Juan Niu
    • 1
  • Xue-Ping Li
    • 1
  • Xiao-Ting Xu
    • 1
  • Yong-Chao Zhu
    • 1
  1. 1.College of HorticultureGansu Agricultural UniversityLanzhouPR China

Personalised recommendations