Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology

, Volume 54, Issue 1, pp 52–57 | Cite as

Visual symptom and tissue nutrient contents in dry matter and petiole sap for diagnostic criteria of phosphorus nutrition for ‘Seolhyang’ strawberry cultivation

  • Jong Myung ChoiEmail author
  • Ahmed Latigui
  • Chiwon W. Lee
Research Report


‘Seolhyang’ strawberries (Fragaria ananassa Duch.) were grown in a soilless substrate with fertigation solutions to evaluate the effects of six different P concentrations (0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 6 meq·L−1) on the growth and nutrient contents in dry matter of above-ground tissue and petiole sap. The changes in electrical conductivity (EC) and pH of the root substrate were also investigated. Deficient and excess concentrations of phosphorus, such as 0 and 6 meq·L−1, seriously restricted the plant growth. These two treatments showed the least values in leaf number, plant height, leaf length and width, petiole length, and fresh and dry weights. The solution containing 1 meq·L−1 of phosphorus showed the greatest plant growth compared to the other treatments. The macro-element contents such as P, K, Ca, and Mg showed increased tendencies as P concentrations were elevated but, micro-elements such as Fe and Mn showed decreased tendencies in dry matter of above-ground tissue. When P concentrations were elevated, the pH and EC in the soil solution of root substrate decreased. Considering the crop growth and tissue nutrient contents, the P concentrations should be between 0.5 to 2.0 meq·L−1 and the P contents in the dry matter and petiole sap were 0.23 to 0.62% and 205 to 305 mg·kg−1.

Additional key words

EC growth characteristics nutrient contents pH 


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Copyright information

© Korean Society for Horticultural Science 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jong Myung Choi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ahmed Latigui
    • 2
  • Chiwon W. Lee
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of HorticultureChungnam National UniversityDaejeonKorea
  2. 2.Laboratory of Plant Physiology Applied to Soilless CropTiaret UniversityTiaretAlgeria
  3. 3.Department of Plant SciencesNorth Dakota State UniversityFargoUSA

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