Response of tuberose (Polianthes tuberose L.) to gibberellic acid and benzyladenine

  • Moazzam Hassanpour Asil
  • Zeynab Roein
  • Jafar Abbasi
Research Report

Abstract

Effect of different chemical treatments on quantitative characteristics of Polianthes tuberose L. (cv. Goldorosht Mahallat) was investigated. This research was conducted in a factorial experiment based on block design with 3 replications. 40 and 54 days after planting, the flowers were sprayed with various concentrations of Gibberellic acid (GA3) and Benzyladenine (BA) (0, 50, and 100 ppm). The results showed that, flowering stem length and leaves length were greatest with GA3 at 100 ppm while BA no increase these traits compared to the control. GA3 resulted in earlier flowering compared to the control. BA and GA3 decreased number of floret. Greatest diameter of floret and vase life of cut flower was BA at 50 and 100 ppm, respectively.

Additional key words

chemical treatments cytokinin flowering gibberellin vase life 

Literature Cited

  1. Al-khassawneh, N.M., N.S. Karam, and R.A. Shibli. 2006. Growth and flowering of black iris (Iris nigricans Dinsm). Flowering treatment with plant growth regulators. Sci. Hort. 107:187–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. De Hertogh, A. and M. Le Nard. 1993. The Physiology of Flower Bulbs. Elsevier, Sci. Pub. The Netherlands. p. 589–601.Google Scholar
  3. Blanchard, M.G. and E.S. Runkle. 2008. Benzyladenine promotes flowering in Doritaenopsis and Phalaenopsis Orchids. J. Plant Growth Regul. 27:141–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bosse, C.A. and J. Staden. 1989. Cytokinins in cut carnation flowers. Effects of cytokinin type, concentration and mode of application on flower longevity. J. Plant Physiol. 135:155–159.Google Scholar
  5. Brooking, I.R. and D. Cohen. 2002. Gibberellin induced flowering in small tubers of Zantedeschia “Black Magic”. Sci. Hort. 95:63–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chang, Y.P., S.F. Ding, C.C. Chou, B.S. Du, and W.S. Chen. 1998. Daylength affects protein pattern and flowering in tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa L.). J. Bot. Bul. Acad. Sin. 39:199–203.Google Scholar
  7. Chang, Y.S. and F.H. Sung. 2000. Effects of gibberellic acid and dormancy breaking chemicals on flower development of Rhododendron pulchrum Sweet and R. scabrum Don. Sci. Hort. 83:331–337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chen, J., R.J. Henny, D.B. Mc Connell, and R.D. Caldwell. 2003. Gibberellic acid affects growth and flowering of Philodendron. Plant Growth Regul. 41:1–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cowan, A.K., M. Freeman, P. Björkman, B. Nicander, F. Sitbon, and E. Tillberg. 2005. Effects of senescence induced alteration in cytokinin metabolism on source-sink relationships ontogenic and stress induced transitions in tobacco. Planta. 221:801–814.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Davies, P.J. 1995. Plant Hormones: Physiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands.Google Scholar
  11. Eid, R.A. and B.H. Abou-Leila. 2006. Response of croton plants to gibberellic acid, benzyl adenine and ascorbic acid application. World J. Agric. Sci. 2:174–179.Google Scholar
  12. Emongor, V.E. 2004. Effect of gibberellic acid on postharvest quality and vase life of gerbera cut flowers (Gerbera jamesonii). J. Agron. 3:191–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fukui, R., S. Kikuchi, Y. Ichida, and H. Honjo. 2005. Vase life of imported Anthurium flowers evaluated in Japan in relation to the effects of post importation benzyladenine treatment. Hort. Sci. 40:1439–1443.Google Scholar
  14. Garner, J.M. and A.M. Armitage. 1996. Gibberellin applications influence the scheduling and flowering of Limonium “Misty Blue”. Sci. Hort. 31:247–248.Google Scholar
  15. Halevy, A.H. and S. Mayak. 1981. Senescence and postharvest physiology of cut flowers. Part 2. Hort. Rev. 3:59–143.Google Scholar
  16. Halevy, A.H. 1990. Recent advances in control of flowering in horticultural crops. In: XXIII International Horticultural Congress.Google Scholar
  17. Hartmann, H.T., D.E. Kester, and F.T. Davies Jr. 1990. Plant propagation, principles, and practices, 5th ed. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.Google Scholar
  18. Hartmann, H.T., D.E. Kester, F.E. Davies, and R. Geneve. 2001. Plant Propagation: Principles and Practices. 7th ed: Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.Google Scholar
  19. Hussain, A. 1986. Ornamental Horticulture, ICAR, New Delhi, India p. 136.Google Scholar
  20. Hutchinson, M.J., D.K. Chebet, and V.E. Emongor. 2003. Effects of accel, sucrose and silver thiosulphate on the water relations and postharvest physiology of cut tuberose flowers. African Crop Sci. J. 11:279–287.Google Scholar
  21. Janowska, B. and M. Jerzy. 2003. Effect of gibberellic acid on postharvest leaf longevity of Zantedeschia elliottiana. J. Fruit and ornament. Plant Res. 11:69–76.Google Scholar
  22. Jowkar, M.M. and H. Salehi. 2006. The effects of different preservative solutions on the vase life of cut tuberose (Polianthes tuberose. L) c.v Goldoroshte-Mahallat. J. Sci. Tech. Agri. Natural Resour. 10:306–309.Google Scholar
  23. Khan, N.A., R. Mir, M. Khan, S. Javid, and Samiullah. 2002. Effects of gibberellic acid spray on nitrogen yield efficiency of mustard grown with different nitrogen levels. J. Plant Growth Regul. 38: 243–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Khan, A.S. and N.Y. Chaudhry. 2006. GA3 improves flower yield in some cucurbits treated with lead and mercury. J. Biotech. 5: 149–153.Google Scholar
  25. Kim, H.J. and W.B. Miller. 2009. GA4+7 plus BA enhance post-production quality in pot tulips. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 51:272–277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kim, J.H., A.K. Lee, and J.K. Suh. 2005. Effect of certain pre-treatment substances on vase life and physiological character in Lilium spp. Acta. Hort. 673:307–314.Google Scholar
  27. Leclerc, M., C.D. Caldwell, and R.R. Lada. 2006. Effect of plant growth regulators on propagule formation in Hemerocallis spp. and Hosta spp. Hort. Sci. 41:651–653.Google Scholar
  28. Leonard, R.T. and T.A. Nell. 2004. Short term pulsing improves postharvest leaf quality of cut oriental lilies. Hort. Technol. 14:405–411.Google Scholar
  29. Masroor, M., A. Khan, C. Gautam, F. Mohammad, M.H. Siddiqui, M. Naeem, and M. Nasir Khan. 2006. Effect of gibberellic acid spray on performance of tomato. Turk. J. Biol. 30:11–16.Google Scholar
  30. Napier, D.R., G. Jacobs, J. Van Staden, and C. Forsyth. 1986. Cytokinins and flower development in Leucospermum. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 111:776–780.Google Scholar
  31. Ohkawa, K. 1978. Effects of gibberelline and benzyladenin on dormancy and flowering of lilium speciosum. Kanagawa Horticultural Experimental Station, Ninomiya, Nakagun, Kanagawa, Japan. p. 259–261.Google Scholar
  32. Padhye, S., E. Runkle, M. Olrich, and L. Reinbold. 2008. Improving branching and postharvest quality. Greenhouse Prod. News 8(8).Google Scholar
  33. Paull, R.E. and T. Chantrachit. 2001. Benzyladenine and the vase life of tropical ornamentals. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 21:303–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Pharis, R.P. and R.W. King. 1985. Gibberellins and reproductive development in seed plants. Plant Physiol. 36:517–568.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Plummer, J.A. and J.M. Wann. 1998. Plant growth regulators cannot be used to alter significantly the commercial harvest date of Boronia heterophylla. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 49:99–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Prreeti, H. and S. Gogoi. 1997. Effects of preplant chemical treatment of bulbs on growth and flowering of Polianthes tuberosa cv. Single. Ann. Bio. 13:145–149.Google Scholar
  37. Ram, R., D. Mukherjee, and S. Manuja. 2002. Plant growth regulators affect the development of both corms and cormels in Gladiolus. Hort. Sci. 37:343–344.Google Scholar
  38. Reid, M. 1996. Postharvest handling recommendations for cut tuberose. Perishables Handling News letter Issue No. 88.Google Scholar
  39. Roein, Z., M. Hassanpour Asil, and B. Rabiei. 2008. Effects of low temperature and GA3 on quality of cut flowers of Narcissus jonquilla “German”. Hort. Environ. Biotechnol. 49:320–324.Google Scholar
  40. Runkle, E. 2006. Recovering from a PGR overdose. Greenhouse Prod. News 16(9):78.Google Scholar
  41. Saifuddin, M., A.B.M.S. Hossain, O. Normaniza, A. Nasrulhaq Boyce, and K.M. Moneruzzaman. 2009. The effects of naphthalene acetic acid and gibberellic acid in prolonging bract longevity and delaying discoloration of Bougainvillea spectabilis. Biotechnol. 8:343–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Sakai, W.S., J. Courtney-Suttle, J. Clarke, M. Munekata, and R. Kaipo. 1998. Inducing dendrobium orchid inflorescence growth by injection of a solution of benzyladenine. J. Hawaiian Pacific Agric. 9:33–36.Google Scholar
  43. Shedeed, M.R., K.M. Gamassy, M.E. Hashim, and A.M.N. Almulla. 1991. Effect of fulifirtil fertilization and growth regulators on the vegetative growth of croton plants. Annals Agric. Sci., Ain. Shams Univ., Cairo. 36:209–216.Google Scholar
  44. Skutnik, E., J. Rabiza-Świder, and A.J. Łukaszewska. 2006. Evaluation of several chemical agents for prolonging vase life in cut asparagus greens. J. Fruit Ornament. Plant Res. 14:233–240.Google Scholar
  45. Sood, S. and P.K. Nagar. 2005. Alteration in endogenous polyamines in bulbous of tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa L.) during dormancy. Sci. Hort. 105:483–490.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Sugiura, H. 2004. Effects of 6-benzylaminopurine and ethephon applications on flowering and morphology in summer-to-autumn-flowering chrysanthemum under open field conditions. J. Pestic. Sci. 29:308–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Vince-Prue, D. 1985. Photoperiod and hormones. In: R.P. Pharis, D.M. Reid (eds) Encyclopeda of Plant Physiology, New Series, Vol. II. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, p. 308–364.Google Scholar
  48. Vlahos, J.C. 1985. Effects of GA3 and BA on two cultivars of Achimenes longiflora under two levels of irradiance. Acta. Hort. 167:225–235.Google Scholar
  49. Werbrouk, S.P.O., P. Redig, A. Van Onckelen, and P.C. Debergh. 1996. Gibberellins play a role in the interaction between imidazole fungicides and cytokinins in Araceae. J. Plant Growth Regul. 15:87–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Society for Horticultural Science 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Moazzam Hassanpour Asil
    • 1
  • Zeynab Roein
    • 1
  • Jafar Abbasi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural SciencesUniversity of GuilanRashtIran

Personalised recommendations