Drug screening with a novel tumor-derived cell line identified alternative therapeutic options for patients with atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor

Abstract

Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) is a rare intracranial tumor occurring predominantly in young children. The prognosis is poor, and no effective treatment is currently available. To develop novel effective therapies, there is a need for experimental models for AT/RT. In this research, we established a cell line from a patient’s AT/RT tissue (designated ATRT_OCGH) and performed drug screening using 164 FDA-approved anti-cancer agents, to identify candidates for therapeutic options. We found that bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor, was among the agents for which the cell line showed high sensitivity, along with tyrosine kinase inhibitors, topoisomerase inhibitors, and histone deacetylase inhibitors, which are known to exert anti-AT/RT effects. Concomitant use of panobinostat potentiated the inhibitory effect of bortezomib on AT/RT cell proliferation. Our findings may provide a rationale for considering combination therapy of panobinostat and bortezomib for treatment of AT/RT.

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Acknowledgements

The authors thank the patient and their family for participating in this research. We thank Y. Matsushita and K. Hatake for their technical support.

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Correspondence to Yoshiko Nakano.

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Nakano, Y., Takadera, M., Miyazaki, M. et al. Drug screening with a novel tumor-derived cell line identified alternative therapeutic options for patients with atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor. Human Cell 34, 271–278 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13577-020-00438-3

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Keywords

  • Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor
  • Patient-derived cell line
  • Drug screening
  • Bortezomib
  • Panobinostat