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A polyphenolic compound rottlerin demonstrates significant in vitro cytotoxicity against human cancer cell lines: isolation and characterization from the fruits of Mallotus philippinensis

Abstract

In vitro assay for cytotoxic activity of glands/hairs obtained from the fruits of Mallotus philippinensis has been carried out against 14 human cancer cell lines from nine different origins via 95% ethanolic, 50% ethanolic and aqueous extract at the concentration of 100 μg/ml. Results revealed that the 95% ethanolic extract showed highest in vitro cytotoxic effect against all the 14 human cancer cell lines. The fractions of the same extract i.e. 95% ethanolic were obtained and it was found that the significant cytotoxic potential was produced by the chloroform soluble fraction at 100 μg/ml as this fraction inhibited the growth of ten human cancer cell lines from seven different tissues. Further, the chromatographic analysis of the said fraction afforded a polyphenolic molecule rottlerin. This drug at the concentration of 1 × 10−5M and 1 × 10−4M suppressed the proliferation of eight human cancer cell lines from six different tissues and proved its exceptionally remarkable in vitro anticancer efficiency.

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Fig. 1

Abbreviations

DMEM:

Dulbecco’s minimum essential medium

NCCS:

National Centre for Cell Science

NCI:

National Cancer Institute

PBS:

Phosphate buffer saline

RPMI:

Rosewell Park Memorial Institute

SRB:

Sulphorhodamine blue

TLC:

Thin layer chromatography

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Acknowledgments

The author is thankful to Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine (CSIR), Jammu for providing technical support.

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Correspondence to Vikas Sharma.

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Sharma, V. A polyphenolic compound rottlerin demonstrates significant in vitro cytotoxicity against human cancer cell lines: isolation and characterization from the fruits of Mallotus philippinensis . J. Plant Biochem. Biotechnol. 20, 190–195 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13562-011-0045-6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13562-011-0045-6

Keywords

  • Mallotus philippinensis
  • Rottlerin
  • In vitro cytotoxic
  • Cancer cell lines
  • 95% ethanolic extract