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Powder based additive manufacturing for biomedical application of titanium and its alloys: a review

Abstract

Powder based additive manufacturing (AM) technology of Ti and its alloys has received great attention in biomedical applications owing to its advantages such as customized fabrication, potential to be cost-, time-, and resource-saving. The performance of additive manufactured implants or scaffolds strongly depends on various kinds of AM technique and the quality of Ti and its alloy powders. This paper has specifically covered the process of commonly used powder-based AM technique and the powder production of Ti and its alloy. The selected techniques include laser-based powder bed fusion of metals (PBF-LB/M), electron beam powder bed fusion of metals (PBF-EB/M), and directed energy deposition utilized in the production of the biomaterials are discussed as well as the powder fed system of binder jetting. Moreover, titanium based powder production methods such as gas atomization, plasma atomization, and plasma rotating electrode process are also discussed.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program [Nos. 2018R1C1B6001003 and 2020R1F1A1072103] through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Korea government (MSIT).

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Jang, TS., Kim, D., Han, G. et al. Powder based additive manufacturing for biomedical application of titanium and its alloys: a review. Biomed. Eng. Lett. 10, 505–516 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13534-020-00177-2

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Keywords

  • Additive manufacturing
  • Titanium (Ti) and its alloy powder
  • Biomaterials
  • 3D printing