Surface morphology characterization of laser-induced titanium implants: lesson to enhance osseointegration process
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The surface properties of implant are responsible to provide mechanical stability by creating an intimate bond between the bone and implant; hence, play a major role on osseointegration process. The current study was aimed to measure surface characteristics of titanium modified by a pulsed Nd:YAG laser. The results of this study revealed an optimum density of laser energy (140 Jcm−2), at which improvement of osteointegration process was seen. Significant differences were found between arithmetical mean height (Ra), root mean square deviation (Rq) and texture orientation, all were lower for 140 Jcm−2 samples compared to untreated one. Also it was identified that the surface segments were more uniformly distributed with a more Gaussian distribution for treated samples at 140 Jcm−2. The distribution of texture orientation at high laser density (250 and 300 Jcm−2) were approximately similar to untreated sample. The skewness index that indicates how peaks and valleys are distributed throughout the surface showed a positive value for laser treated samples, compared to untreated one. The surface characterization revealed that Kurtosis index, which tells us how high or flat the surface profile is, for treated sample at 140 Jcm−2 was marginally close to 3 indicating flat peaks and valleys in the surface profile.
KeywordsOsseointegration Surface characteristic Surface roughness Laser surface treatment Titanium alloy
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
It is declared that no human or animal has been used at any stage during this experiment.
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