Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are recognized as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and environmental contaminants with their persistency, bioaccumulation potential, and toxicity to organisms. Our study was aimed to measure the sublethal effects of PCBs on the survival and growth rates in a marine mysid.
Survival of juvenile and adult marine mysids was measured upon different concentrations of PCBs (i.e. 0.01, 0.05, 0.1, 0.5, and 1 ppb) for 4 weeks. The numbers of offspring per survived individual female and their survival rate were measured. Effect of waterborne PCBs on growth was determined by measuring the total length, antennal scale, and three parameters of uropod such as exopod, endopod, and telson.
The results showed that 0.5 and 1 ppb of PCBs induced over 50% mortality in the juvenile and adult marine mysids, respectively. Of survived mysids, the number of newly hatched juvenile was significantly decreased from females exposed to 0.1 and 0.5 ppb. The survival of newborn juveniles was also significantly decreased from females exposed to 0.05, 0.1, and 0.5 ppb of PCBs. Growth parameters such as total body length, lengths of antennal scale, exopod, endopod, and telson were significantly affected in the 0.05, 0.1 and 0.5 ppb of PCBs-exposed groups during 4 weeks exposure.
Our results indicate the toxic effects of waterborne PCBs on the survival and growth of juvenile and adult marine mysids with highlighting persistent effects of PCBs on second generations.
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Saravanan, M., Lee, DH. & Rhee, JS. Effects of Polychlorinated Biphenyls on Survival, Growth, and Offspring Production of the Mysid Crustacean, Neomysis awatschensis. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci. 10, 132–138 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13530-018-0356-2