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Demography

, Volume 56, Issue 5, pp 1607–1634 | Cite as

New Destinations and the Early Childhood Education of Mexican-Origin Children

  • Elizabeth AckertEmail author
  • Robert Crosnoe
  • Tama Leventhal
Article

Abstract

This study examined differences in exposure to early childhood education among Mexican-origin children across Latino/a destinations. Early childhood educational enrollment patterns, which are highly sensitive to community resources and foundational components of long-term educational inequalities, can offer a valuable window into how destinations may be shaping incorporation among Mexican-origin families. Integrating data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort with county-level data from the decennial census, multilevel logistic regression models revealed that Mexican-origin, black, and white children had lower odds of enrollment in early childhood education programs if they lived in new Latino/a destinations versus established destinations. The negative association between new destinations and early childhood education enrollment persisted despite controls for household selectivity, state and local early childhood education contexts, Latino/a educational attainment, Latino-white residential segregation, and immigration enforcement agreements. Within the Mexican-origin subgroup, the enrollment gap between new and established destinations was widest among the least-acculturated families, as measured by parental nativity, duration of residence, citizenship status, and English proficiency. These findings highlight how both place and acculturation stratify outcomes within the large and growing Mexican-origin subset of the Latino/a population.

Keywords

Immigrant destinations Mexican-origin population Early childhood Education 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Support for this research came from the Institute of Education Sciences (Award R305A150027, PI: Robert Crosnoe), the National Science Foundation (1519686, PI: Elizabeth Gershoff and Robert Crosnoe; DRL-1760481, PI: Tama Leventhal and Robert Crosnoe), and two Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development grants to the Population Research Center at the University of Texas at Austin (P2CHD042849 and T32HD007081). Work for the research reported in this article was completed while the first author was at the University of Texas–Austin.

Supplementary material

13524_2019_814_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (241 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 240 kb)

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Copyright information

© Population Association of America 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth Ackert
    • 1
    Email author
  • Robert Crosnoe
    • 2
  • Tama Leventhal
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of California, Santa BarbaraSanta BarbaraUSA
  2. 2.Department of SociologyUniversity of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  3. 3.Eliot-Pearson Department of Child Study and Human DevelopmentTufts UniversityMedfordUSA

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