, Volume 55, Issue 2, pp 435–457 | Cite as

Males’ Later-Life Mortality Consequences of Coresidence With Paternal Grandparents: Evidence From Northeast China, 1789–1909

  • Emma ZangEmail author
  • Cameron Campbell


In this study, we investigate the effect of early-life coresidence with paternal grandparents on male mortality risks in adulthood and older age in northeast China from 1789 to 1909. Despite growing interest in the influence of grandparents on child outcomes, few studies have examined the effect of coresidence with grandparents in early life on mortality in later life. We find that coresidence with paternal grandmothers in childhood is associated with higher mortality risks for males in adulthood. This may reflect the long-term effects of conflicts between mothers and their mothers-in-law. These results suggest that in extended families, patterns of coresidence in childhood may have long-term consequences for mortality, above and beyond the effects of common environmental and genetic factors, even when effects on childhood mortality are not readily apparent.


Paternal grandparent presence Mortality risks Life course 



We are grateful to Dwight Davis, Hao Dong, Noreen Goldman, James Lee, Evan Roberts, Xi Song, and members of the Lee-Campbell research group for their suggestions. Versions of this article were presented at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America, Boston, MA, May 1–2, 2014; and the Social Science History Association Annual Meeting, Toronto, ON, November 6–9, 2014. Preparation and documentation of the China Multi-Generational Panel Dataset, Liaoning (CMGPD-LN) for public release via ICPSR Data Sharing for Demographic Research (DSDR) was supported by NICHD R01 HD057175-01A1 “Multi-Generation Family and Life History Panel Dataset” with funds from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Population Association of America 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sanford School of Public PolicyDuke UniversityDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Division of Social Science, The Hong Kong University of Science and TechnologyHong KongChina
  3. 3.School of History and CultureCentral China Normal UniversityWuhanChina

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