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Demography

, Volume 50, Issue 4, pp 1315–1339 | Cite as

Selection and the Marriage Premium for Infant Health

  • Kasey S. BucklesEmail author
  • Joseph Price
Article

Abstract

Previous research has found a positive relationship between marriage and infant health, but it is unclear whether this relationship is causal or a reflection of positive selection into marriage. We use multiple empirical approaches to address this issue. First, using a technique developed by Gelbach (2009) to determine the relative importance of observable characteristics, we show how selection into marriage has changed over time. Second, we construct a matched sample of children born to the same mother and apply panel data techniques to account for time-invariant unobserved characteristics. We find evidence of a sizable marriage premium. However, this premium fell by more than 40 % between 1989 and 2004, largely as a result of declining selection into marriage by race. Accounting for selection reduces ordinary least squares estimates of the marriage premiums for birth weight, prematurity, and infant mortality by at least one-half.

Keywords

Marriage Marriage premium Infant health Birth weight Prematurity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This article has benefitted from the research assistance of Alan Gelder, Phillip Manwaring, Angie Otteson, Craig Palsson, and Kristy Parkinson. We are thankful for comments from Bill Evans, Dan Hungerman, Lucie Schmidt, and participants in seminars at the University of Washington, University of Notre Dame, Brigham Young University, University of Miami, Baylor University, and the 2011 Southern Economics Association Meetings.

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Copyright information

© Population Association of America 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of Notre DameNotre DameUSA
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsBrigham Young UniversityProvoUSA

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