Demography

, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 219–237 | Cite as

The Value of an Employment-Based Green Card

Article

Abstract

The need for and role of highly skilled immigrant workers in the U.S. economy is fiercely debated. Proponents and opponents agree that temporary foreign workers are paid a lower wage than are natives. This lower wage partly originates from the restricted mobility of workers while on a temporary visa. In this article, we estimate the wage gain to employment-based immigrants from acquiring permanent U.S. residency. We use data from the New Immigrant Survey (2003) and implement a difference-in-difference propensity score matching estimator. We find that for employer-sponsored immigrants, the acquisition of a green card leads to an annual wage gain of about $11,860.

Keywords

Immigration Permanent residency High skill Mobility 

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Copyright information

© Population Association of America 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of Nevada RenoRenoUSA

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