Vessel traffic services (VTS) operators can control the movements of ships in local coastal areas, and also have the technological ability to track vessels internationally, since all merchant vessels are currently equipped with global tracking systems. Digital information processing and satellite communications are powerful tools that the maritime sector is eager to take advantage of in relation to safety, environmental protection and efficiency. This paper reviews current regulations and infrastructures within the VTS and the main European Union (EU) projects that have utilized the potential of the digital era and satellite technology. Through assessment of future trends, it also proposes, for the first time, that there will be the need for a new approach to global maritime traffic services, in view of anticipated issues in future developments within this sector. This approach will consider the creation of an oceanic vessel traffic services, where all personnel would exchange information, without state borders, between ships and onshore centres worldwide. This also raises the issues of how a new technological paradigm will fare against ancient barriers of legislative scope.
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Martínez de Osés, F.X., Uyà Juncadella, À. Global maritime surveillance and oceanic vessel traffic services: towards the e-navigation. WMU J Marit Affairs (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13437-020-00220-0
- Vessel traffic services