WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 197–224 | Cite as

Maritime simulator training across Europe: a comparative study

  • Salman NazirEmail author
  • Sophie Jungefeldt
  • Amit Sharma
IAMU Section Article


Simulator-based training has witnessed considerable attention in recent years for the training of operators in the maritime domain and is employed by majority of nautical training institutes. IMO has published the model course 6.10 Train the simulator trainer and assessor which acts as a guideline and aims to promote uniformity in the simulator-based training for maritime operations. Nevertheless, the model course should not be “implemented blindly,” since one has to acknowledge the institution’s own resources and apply them in an appropriate way. Consequently, a variation in different institutions simulator training can exist. This study aims to discover how such variations exist in the European full mission simulator training institutions. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to clarify each of the participating institution’s simulator training design. The interviews comprised relevant performance indicators—e.g., identical elements, training time, teaching of general principles, students’ needs, feedback, training needs analysis, assessment, and instructors´ qualifications—selected after a detailed literature review. The findings present variations and similarities observed in the European simulator training facilities, in relation to the designated performance indicators. The study demonstrated that although some simulator training in Europe appears to be performed uniformly due to comparable proceedings and understanding of the model course 6.10, the implementations of these aspects on the basis of interpretation and available infrastructure can create dissimilarities.


EU maritime institutions Maritime education and training Performance indicators Comparative study 



The authors would like to thank the participants in the study for their valuable contributions and anonymous reviewers for their feedback.


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Copyright information

© World Maritime University 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Training and Assessment Research group (TARG), Department of Maritime OperationsUniversity of South-eastern NorwayBorreNorway

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