WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 77–99 | Cite as

Present pilotage practices in Finland

  • Jouni LappalainenEmail author
  • Vappu Kunnaala
  • Ulla Tapaninen


Pilotage has been studied very little internationally and also in Finland. However, accidents in which pilots have been involved have been investigated thoroughly. Studies show that the traditional individual-centred pilotage with non-written passage plans no longer serves the needs of today's traffic and vessels that have increased in size. Pilotage should be based on the so-called good pilotage practices, i.e. pre-prepared, yet adaptable passage plans, more efficient bridge co-operation and modern navigation instruments. Yet, these are not an integral part of the prevailing pilotage practices in Finland. Pilotage should be developed so that the safety management systems of the vessels support the co-operation on the bridge, but on the other hand, so that the advantages of today's pilotage practices are maintained.


Bridge co-operation Passage plan Maritime pilotage Maritime safety Pilotage practices 


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Copyright information

© World Maritime University 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jouni Lappalainen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vappu Kunnaala
    • 1
  • Ulla Tapaninen
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Maritime StudiesUniversity of TurkuKotkaFinland
  2. 2.University of TurkuKotkaFinland

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