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Environmental safety of residents of Yakutsk and Zhatay: evidence from sociological research


The level of ecological culture of the population is a significant element of environmental safety. The paper presents the results of a survey among residents of Yakutsk and Zhatay urban districts of the Russian Federation on environmental safety in these localities. Subsequent to this, the degree of environmental safety of interviewees was determined. The survey covered 527 respondents, the reliability of the data obtained was 95%, the sampling error in the various regulations varied between 2.87 and 4.98. Responses to all 14 questions in the questionnaire were analyzed. The cognitive component (environmental awareness of the situation across the region) was pronounced more than other components. It is highly typical for most residents in all settlements, comprising 65.9%. The second place (42.3%) belongs to the axiological component (motivation to ensure a stable environment), and the most challenging was the activity-based component (active measures to ensure environmental safety). The findings of this study are essential primarily to public servants at various levels of legislative and executive authorities, as well as employees of environmental safety services, in identifying effective measures for improving general environmental literacy. Research has shown gaps and white spots in the ecological culture of the inhabitants of Yakutsk and Zhatay of various ages. Further corrective measures by the responsible authorities are required for sustainable ecosystem development.

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The work was carried out within the confines of the scientific school “Advances in lumber industry and forestry.”

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Authors and Affiliations



OK, AY, AP, VE, AZ, PG, ET, and OK contributed equally to the experimentation. OK, AY, AP, and VE wrote and edited the article. AZ and PG equally designed and conducted the experiment. ET and OK studied scientific literature about the topic. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Olga Krivoshapkina.

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Ethics approval

The authors declare that the work is written with due consideration of ethical standards. The study was conducted in accordance with the ethical principles approved by the North-Eastern Federal University in Yakutsk (Protocol No 1 of 12.03.2013).

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All the respondents have given their written informed consent for participation in the research.

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All the respondents have given their consent for publication of the research results.

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

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Appendix. Survey participants’ questionnaire

Appendix. Survey participants’ questionnaire

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Krivoshapkina, O., Yakovleva, A., Pavlova, A. et al. Environmental safety of residents of Yakutsk and Zhatay: evidence from sociological research. J Environ Stud Sci 12, 566–576 (2022).

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  • Sociological research
  • Personal environmental safety
  • Cognitive
  • Activity-based
  • Axiological components