Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 597–605 | Cite as

The mercury game: evaluating a negotiation simulation that teaches students about science-policy interactions

  • Leah C. StokesEmail author
  • Noelle E. Selin


Environmental negotiations and policy decisions take place at the science-policy interface. While this is well known within academic literature, it is often difficult to convey how science and policy interact to students in environmental studies and sciences courses. We argue that negotiation simulations, as an experiential learning tool, are one effective way to teach students about how science and policy interact in decision-making. We developed a negotiation simulation, called the mercury game, based on the global mercury treaty negotiations. To evaluate the game, we conducted surveys before and after the game was played in university classrooms across North America. For science students, the simulation communicates how politics and economics affect environmental negotiations. For environmental studies and public policy students, the mercury simulation demonstrates how scientific uncertainty can affect decision-making. Using the mercury game as an educational tool allows students to learn about complex interactions between science and society and develop communication skills.


Science education Environmental curriculum International negotiations Science-policy interface Mercury policy 



This research was funded by the US National Science Foundation Atmospheric Chemistry Program (no. 1053648). We thank Larry Susskind (MIT) for his contribution to designing and writing the mercury game and Jessica Haskins and Priyanka Chatterjee (MIT) for research assistance. We thank all game participants who filled out surveys and the North American university faculty who incorporated the game into their courses. The mercury game is available to download for free at and at the Program on Negotiation website at Harvard University at


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Copyright information

© Association of Environmental Studies and Sciences Inc. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Urban Studies and PlanningMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.Engineering Systems DivisionMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA
  3. 3.Department of Political ScienceMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA
  4. 4.Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary SciencesMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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