The effect of rebound exercise and treadmill walking on the quality of life for patients with non-insulin-dependent type 2 diabetes
- 190 Downloads
Patients often require rehabilitation following complications or co-morbidities associated with diabetes. Exercise is recommended for glycemic control in diabetic patients but they do not engage in physical activities due to fatigue or fear of worsening their condition resulting in poor quality of life (QoL). Treadmill activities and rebound exercise on a mini-trampoline are used for cardio-respiratory and general fitness but their effect on the QoL in non-insulin dependent type 2 diabetes patients (T2D) has not been determined. This study was designed to compare the effect of moderate intensity rebound exercise and treadmill walking on the QoL of T2D patients. One hundred and fifty patients were randomized equally into control, rebound or treadmill group and received hypoglycemic medication and diabetic counseling. The control group did not engage in exercise, rebound group bounced or jumped on a mini-trampoline and treadmill group walked on a treadmill at 40-60 % of heart rate maximum (220-age) for 20-30 minutes, 3 times per week for 12 weeks. QoL using the SF-36 questionnaire was assessed pre-and post-interventions. Results showed a drop out of 6(12 %) control; 11(22 %) rebound and 13(26 %) treadmill groups respectively. There were significant improvements in all domains post-rebound exercise (P <0.05); treadmill walking showed significant improvements in all but vitality and role emotion (P > 0.05) and control a significant decline in vitality and mental health (P < 0.05). Rebound exercise and treadmill walking can be used to improve QoL for T2D patients and possibly reduce the side effects and co-morbidities associated with diabetic medication and diabetes.
KeywordsType 2 diabetes Rebound exercise Treadmill walking Quality of life
The authors extend their appreciation to the patients who participated in this study and the medical, rehabilitation, and support staff of the Physiotherapy Department at the Murtala Mohammed Specialist Hospital.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflicts of interest related to this article.
- 1.Harris MI, Zimmet P. Classification of diabetes mellitus and other categories of glucose intolerance. In: Alberti KGMN, Zimmet P, DeFronzo RA, editors. International Textbook of Diabetes Mellitus. 2nd ed. London: Wiley, Ltd; 1998.Google Scholar
- 16.American Diabetes Association. Executive summary: standards of medical care in diabetes-2010. Diabetes Care. 2010;33 Suppl 1:S4–10.Google Scholar
- 23.Kisan R, Kisan SR, Anitha OR, Chandrakala SP. Treadmill and bicycle ergometer exercise: cardiovascular response comparison. Global J Med Res. 2012;2:5.Google Scholar
- 25.Carter AE. The new miracles of rebound exercise. New York: Nature Distributors; 1988.Google Scholar
- 26.Walker M. Jumping for health: a guide to rebounding aerobics. New York: Avery Publishing Group Inc.; 1989.Google Scholar
- 27.Eager D, Chapman C, Bondoc K. Characterisation of trampoline bounce using acceleration. 7th Australasian Congress on Applied Mechanics, ACAM 7, 9-12 December 2012, Adelaide, Australia.Google Scholar
- 32.McDowell I, Newell C. General health status and quality of life. In: Measuring health: a guide to rating scales and questionnaires. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 1996.Google Scholar
- 34.Maruish ME. User’s manual for the SF-36v2 Health Survey. 3rd ed. Lincoln: Quality Metric, Inc.; 2011.Google Scholar
- 47.Colberg SR. Encouraging patients to be physically active: what busy practitioners need to know (practical pointers). Diabetes Care. 2008;26(3):123.Google Scholar