Knowledge, attitude, and practice of type2 Arab diabetic patients in Qatar: a cross-sectional study

Abstract

This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the levels of diabetes knowledge among adult Arab diabetic patients living in Qatar and to determine how the knowledge influences on attitude and practices toward their illness. A validated, reliable, and modified questionnaire (Baradaran et al., BMC Public 6:134, 2006) was distributed to participants in a face-to-face interview. Of the 130 eligible participants, 105 subjects responded; among them, 63 were females and 42 males while age range was 20–65 years. The knowledge score was 14.6+/−8.4 out of a maximum of 48 mean total and the attitude score was 0.5+/−3.4 out of 24 mean total, while the practice score was 15.1+/−9 out of 48 mean total. This study demonstrates that the levels of knowledge, attitude, and practice among adult Arab type 2 diabetic patients are rather poor. As a result of this study, a nationwide group-based structured diabetes educational program has been developed. Arabian Gulf countries have witnessed the emergence of the obesity epidemic and diabetes mellitus as a major public health problem in the region (Musaiger, Fam Pract 7:9–13, 1990). The state of Qatar, over the last three decades of economic transition, has witnessed a rapid rise in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality mainly due to diabetes. According to the International Diabetes Federation, Qatar has a national diabetes prevalence of 16 % (Diabetes Atlas, International Diabetes Federation, 2003), making the disease an epidemic and a national health and economic burden. Arabian Gulf countries including Qatar have abandoned their traditional complex carbohydrate- and fiber-rich diets and replaced it with energy-dense, high-fat, empty calories westernized diet lacking essential nutrients and fiber (Al Mahroos, Ann Saudi Med 20:111–112, 2000; Lawati et al., Diabet Med 19:954–7, 2002).

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

References

  1. 1.

    Musaiger AO. Nutritional disorders associated with affluence in Bahrain. Fam Pract. 1990;7:9–13.

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Diabetes Atlas. www.idf-org/e-atlas, International Diabetes Federation, 2003

  3. 3.

    Al Mahroos F. Diabetes mellitus in the Arabian Peninsula. Ann Saudi Med. 2000;20:111–2.

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Lawati A et al. Increasing prevalence of diabetes mellitus in Oman. Diabet Med. 2002;19:954–7.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    World Medical Association. Declaration of Helsinki. JAMA. 1997;277:925–6.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Baradaran HR, Knill-Jones RP, Wallia S, Rogers AA. A controlled trial of the effectiveness of a diabetes education program in a multi-ethnic community in Glasgow (ISRCT28317455). BMC Public Health. 2006;6:134.

    PubMed Central  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Z. Saadia, S. Rushdi, M Alsheha, H. Saeed, M. Rajab: A study of knowledge, attitude, and practices of Saudi women towards diabetes mellitus. A (KAP) study in Al-Qassim region. The Internet Journal of Health. 2010 Volume 11 Number 2. DOI: 10.5580/1d29

  8. 8.

    Al-Shafaee MA et al. Knowledge and perceptions of diabetes in a semi-urban Omani population. BMC Public Health. 2008;8(249):1–8.

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Al-Ali N, Haddad LG. The effect of the health belief model in explaining participation among Jordanian myocardial infarction patients. J Trans Nurse. 2004;15:114–21.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Green J, Britten N. Education debate: qualitative research and evidence based medicine. BMJ. 1998;316:1230–2. 18 April.

    PubMed Central  CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Anderson RJ et al. The prevalence of co-morbid depression in adults with diabetes: a metanalysis. Diabetes Care. 2001;24(7):1069–78.

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Lustman PJ et al. Depression and poor glycemic control: a metanalytic review of the literature. Diabetes Care. 2000;23(7):934–42.

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Rosenthal MJ, Fajardo M, Gilmore S, Morley JE, Naliboff BD. Hospitalization and mortality of diabetes in older adults. A 3-year prospective study. Diabetes Care. 1998;21(2):231–5.

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Black SA et al. Depression predicts increased incidence of adverse health outcomes in older Mexican-American with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2003;26:2822–8.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Glasgow RE, Stryker LA. Preventive care practices for diabetes management in two primary care samples. Am J Prev Med. 2000;19:9–14.

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Ciechanowski PS, Katon WJ, Russo JE. Depression and diabetes. Impact of depressive symptoms on adherence, function and costs. Arch Intern Med. 2000;160(21):3278–85.

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Oladele CR, Barnett E. Racial /ethnic and social class differences in preventive care practices among persons with diabetes. BMC Public Health. 2006;6:291–5.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Serour M et al. Cultural factors and patient adherence to life style measures. Br J Gen Pract. 2007;57:291–5.

    PubMed Central  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Hashim Mohamed.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Mohamed, H., A-Lenjawi, B., Amouna, P. et al. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of type2 Arab diabetic patients in Qatar: a cross-sectional study. Int J Diabetes Dev Ctries 35, 205–209 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13410-014-0263-2

Download citation

Keywords

  • Knowledge
  • Attitude
  • Practice
  • Diabetes
  • Qatar