Efficacy of yoga based life style modification program on medication score and lipid profile in type 2 diabetes—a randomized control study

  • R. Nagarathna
  • M. R. Usharani
  • A. Raghavendra Rao
  • R. Chaku
  • R. Kulkarni
  • H. R. Nagendra
Original Article


Several studies have documented the beneficial short term effects of yoga in type 2 diabetics. In this prospective two-armed interventional randomized control study, 277 type 2 diabetics of both genders aged above 28 years who satisfied the study criteria were recruited from 5 zones in and around Bengaluru, India. They were allocated to a yoga-based life style modification program or exercise-based life style modification program. Integrated yoga special technique for diabetes included yogasanas, pranayama, meditation and lectures on yogic life style. Control intervention included physical exercises and life style education. Medication score, blood glucose, HbA1c and lipid profile were assessed at baseline and after 9 months. Intention to treat analysis showed better reduction (P < 0.05, Mann-Whitney test) in the dose of oral hypoglycemic medication required (Yoga - 12.8 %) (Yoga-12.3 %) and increase in HDL (Yoga-7 %) in Yoga as compared to the control group; FBG reduced (7.2 %, P = 0.016) only in the Yoga group. There was significant reduction within groups (P < 0.01) in PPBG (Yoga-14.6 %, Control-9 %), HbA1c (Yoga-14.1 %, Control-0.5 %), Triglycerides (Yoga-15.4 %, Control-16.3 %), VLDL (Yoga-21.5 %, Control-5.2 %) and total cholesterol (Yoga-11.3 %, Control-8.6 %). Thus, Yoga based life style modification program is similar to exercise-based life style modification in reducing blood glucose, HbA1c, triglycerides, total cholesterol and VLDL. Yoga is better than exercise in decreasing oral hypoglycemic medication requirement and LDL; and increasing HDL in type 2 diabetics.


Yoga Exercise Hypoglycemic agent HDL Blood glucose 



The study was funded by the Department of Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH), Ministry of Health and family welfare, New Delhi, India under the ‘Extra Mural Research’ scheme. The AYUSH technical expert committee had reviewed the study design. We thank Dr Srikanta SS, Dr Vadiraja HS, Dr Shruddha K, Dr Bogavi L, Dr Mallikarjuna, Dr Srividya, Dr Pradhan B, Omkar G, the management, doctors and the paramedical staff of TVS company, and BEML company the management of Satya Sai trust, Diwakar hospital.


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Copyright information

© Research Society for Study of Diabetes in India 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Nagarathna
    • 1
  • M. R. Usharani
    • 2
  • A. Raghavendra Rao
    • 2
    • 3
  • R. Chaku
    • 2
    • 4
  • R. Kulkarni
    • 2
  • H. R. Nagendra
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Yoga and Life SciencesSwami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana, (SVYASA) UniversityBengaluruIndia
  2. 2.SVYASA UniversityBengaluruIndia
  3. 3.HOD, Department of Complementary and Alternative MedicineBangalore Insititute of OncologyBengaluruIndia
  4. 4.WHO projectMorarji Desai National Institute of YogaNew DelhiIndia

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