Gold Bulletin

, Volume 50, Issue 4, pp 319–326 | Cite as

Au/CuMgAl-hydrotalcite catalysts promoted by Cu+ and basic sites for selective oxidation of glycerol to dihydroxyacetone

Original Paper


CuMgAl-hydrotalcite-supported Au catalysts were prepared and tested in the selective conversion of glycerol to dihydroxyacetone. The electron density of Au was decreased by Cu embedded in the supports, arising from the electron transfer from Au to Cu sites. The valence state (+ 1) of Cu ions was detected. Both Cu+ and basic sites (Mg–O) affected the catalytic activity of Au catalysts. The Cu+ sites promoted the selective oxidation of glycerol to dihydroxyacetone, while basic sites boosted the selectivity oxidation of glycerol to glyceric acid. The synergy of Cu+ sites and basic sites could effectively promote the activity and selectivity of Au catalysts in the selectively conversion of glycerol to dihydroxyacetone. A 53% conversion of glycerol and 72% of dihydroxyacetone selectivity were obtained under optimum reaction conditions.


Glycerol oxidation Au catalyst Cu+ sites Basic sites Dihydroxyacetone 



This work was supported by projects funded by the Major Research Plan of National Natural Science Foundation of China (Program No. 91545130).

Supplementary material

13404_2017_222_MOESM1_ESM.doc (2.5 mb)
ESM 1 (DOC 2570 kb)


  1. 1.
    Ricapito NG, Ghobril C, Zhang H, Grinstaff MW, Putnam D (2016) Synthetic biomaterials from metabolically derived synthons. Chem Rev 116:2664–2704Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Besson M, Gallezot P, Pinel C (2013) Conversion of biomass into chemicals over metal catalysts. Chem Rev 114:1827–1870CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Villa A, Dimitratos N, Chan-Thaw CE, Hammond C, Prati L, Hutchings GJ (2015) Glycerol oxidation using gold-containing catalysts. Acc Chem Res 48:1403–1412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jin X, Zhao M, Zeng C, Yan W, Song Z, Thapa PS, Subramaniam B, Chaudhari RV (2016) Oxidation of glycerol to dicarboxylic acids using cobalt catalysts. ACS Catal 6:4576–4583CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Garcia AC, Kolb MJ, van Nieropy SC, Vos J, Birdja YY, Kwon Y, Tremiliosi-Filho G, Koper MTM (2016) Strong impact of platinum surface structure on primary and secondary alcohol oxidation during electro-oxidation of glycerol. ACS Catal 6:4491–4500CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hu W, Knight D, Lowry B, Varma A (2010) Selective oxidation of glycerol to dihydroxyacetone over Pt−Bi/C catalyst: optimization of catalyst and reaction conditions. Ind Eng Chem Res 49:10876–10882CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lari GM, Mondelli C, Pérez-Ramírez J (2015) Gas-phase oxidation of glycerol to dihydroxyacetone over tailored iron zeolites. ACS Catal 5:1453–1461CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zhou CH, Beltramini JN, Fana Y, Lu GQ (2008) Chemoselective catalytic conversion of glycerol as a biorenewable source to valuable commodity chemicals. Chem Soc Rev 37:527–549CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dimitratos N, Lopez-Sanchez JA, Anthonykutty JM, Brett G, Carley AF, Knight DW, Hutchings GJ (2009) Oxidation of glycerol using gold-palladium alloy-supported nanocrystals. Phys Chem Chem Phys 11:4952–4961CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Liu S, Sun K, Xu B (2014) Specific selectivity of Au-catalyzed oxidation of glycerol and other C3-polyols in water without the presence of a base. ACS Catal 4:2226–2230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Villa A, Campisi S, Mohammed KMH (2015) Tailoring the selectivity of glycerol oxidation by tuning the acid–base properties of Au catalysts. Catal Sci Technol 5(2):1126–1132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Carrettin S, McMorn P, Johnston P, Griffin K, Hutchings GJ (2002) Selective oxidation of glycerol to glyceric acid using a gold catalyst in aqueous sodium hydroxide. Chem Commun 7:696–697CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Carrettin S, McMorn P, Johnston P, Griffin K, Kiely CJ, Hutchings GJ (2003) Oxidation of glycerol using supported Pt, Pd and Au catalysts. Phys Chem Chem Phys 5:1329–1336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Xu C, Sun J, Zhao B, Liu Q (2010) On the study of KF/Zn(Al)O catalyst for biodiesel production from vegetable oil. Appl Catal B 99: 111–117Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wang H, Liu D, Xu C (2016) Directed synthesis of well dispersed and highly active AuCu and AuNi nanoparticle catalysts. Catal Sci Technol 6:7137–7150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sing KSW, Everett DH, Haul RAW, Moscou L, Pierotti RA, Rouquerol J, Siemieniewska T (1985) Reporting physisorption data for gas/solid systems with special reference to the determination of surface area and porosity. Pure Appl Chem 57:603–619Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Xu J, Yue H, Liu S, Wang H, Du Y, Xu C, Dong W, Liu C (2016) Cu-Ag/hydrotalcite catalysts for dehydrogenative cross-coupling of primary and secondary benzylic alcohols. RSC Adv 6:24164–24174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Deutsch KL, Shanks BH (2012) Active species of copper chromite catalyst in C-O hydrogenolysis of 5-methylfurfuryl alcohol. J Catal 285:235–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Dai W, Sun Q, Deng J, Wu D, Sun Y (2001) XPS studies of Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 ultra-fine catalysts derived by a novel gel oxalate co-precipitation for methanol synthesis by CO2+H2. Appl Surf Sci 177:172–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Santoro F, Psaro R, Ravasio N, Zaccheria F (2014) N-alkylation of amines through hydrogen borrowing over a heterogeneous Cu catalyst. RSC Adv 4:2596–2600CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Luggren PJ, Apesteguıa CR, Cosimo JI (2016) Conversion of biomass-derived 2-hexanol to liquid transportation fuels: study of the reaction mechanism on Cu-Mg-Al mixed oxides. Top Catal 59:196–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Porta F, Prati L (2004) Selective oxidation of glycerol to sodium glycerate with gold-on-carbon catalyst: an insight into reaction selectivity. J Catal 224:397–403Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Applied Surface and Colloid Chemistry, Ministry of EducationShaanxi Normal UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringShaanxi Normal UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations