Au/CuMgAl-hydrotalcite catalysts promoted by Cu+ and basic sites for selective oxidation of glycerol to dihydroxyacetone
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CuMgAl-hydrotalcite-supported Au catalysts were prepared and tested in the selective conversion of glycerol to dihydroxyacetone. The electron density of Au was decreased by Cu embedded in the supports, arising from the electron transfer from Au to Cu sites. The valence state (+ 1) of Cu ions was detected. Both Cu+ and basic sites (Mg–O) affected the catalytic activity of Au catalysts. The Cu+ sites promoted the selective oxidation of glycerol to dihydroxyacetone, while basic sites boosted the selectivity oxidation of glycerol to glyceric acid. The synergy of Cu+ sites and basic sites could effectively promote the activity and selectivity of Au catalysts in the selectively conversion of glycerol to dihydroxyacetone. A 53% conversion of glycerol and 72% of dihydroxyacetone selectivity were obtained under optimum reaction conditions.
KeywordsGlycerol oxidation Au catalyst Cu+ sites Basic sites Dihydroxyacetone
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