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A review on potential of biohydrogen generation through waste decomposition technologies


This article reviews various waste decomposition technologies composed of thermochemical and biochemical conversion routes for the generation of biohydrogen from biomass wastes. Due to the escalation of global energy consumptions, concerns on the energy security fuelled increasing generation of energy processes to meet such demands. The development of hydrogen has always sustained interest due to its immense prospects as a clean energy source. Instead, the current hydrogen production process termed as grey hydrogen posed the main contributing factor for carbon-related emissions. Therefore, technological prospects for green hydrogen (biohydrogen) production in the transition towards a decarbonised energy sector are desirable and advantageous. Furthermore, current constraints associated to the production of biohydrogen, ranging from safety to transportation aspects, are also discussed to provide informative insights to researchers and decision makers for a better understanding of biohydrogen economy.

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The authors would like to gratefully express their sincere appreciation for the financial support awarded by Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia (015MA0-052 & 015MA0-104) and conferment of HICoE award to Centre for Biofuel and Biochemical Research (HICoE-CBBR), Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS is duly acknowledged.

Author information




Yee Ho Chai had conceptualised the idea for this review article, performed compilation of the review article and review and editing of the review article. Literature research and data analysis were contributed by Dr Mustakimah Mohamed, Dr Cheng Yoke Wang, Dr Bridgid Lai Fui Chin and Dr Chung Loong Yiin. Prof Dr Suzana Yusup reviewed and edited the article and Dr Lam Man Kee reviewed the article.

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Correspondence to Suzana Yusup.

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Chai, Y.H., Mohamed, M., Cheng, Y.W. et al. A review on potential of biohydrogen generation through waste decomposition technologies. Biomass Conv. Bioref. (2021).

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  • Biohydrogen;
  • Thermochemical conversion;
  • Biochemical conversion;
  • Decarbonisation;
  • Waste decomposition;
  • Green technology