Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 447–454 | Cite as

An integrated approach for extracting fuel, chemicals, and residual carbon using pine needles

  • Vinod Kumar
  • Manisha Nanda
  • Monu Verma
  • Ajay Singh
Original Article


The present study describes an integrated method that can be used to sequentially extract five economically important fractions viz., essential oil, organic acids, resin, cellulose, and residual carbon from biomass of pine needles. It is a simple but very effective approach which can give consistent yields from the residual biomass with every successive extraction step. For example, aqueous extracts 0.2 ± 0.5 ml/g, essential oil 0.03 ± 0.1 ml/g, resin 64.125 ± 0.2 mg/g, and 302.20 ± 04 mg/g of sugar and 1 ± 0.3 g of residual carbon. Sugars were further fermented under optimized conditions for the production of ethanol (18.2 ± 0.4 g/l). These yields were compared to direct processing of the individual components. Residual carbon obtained after hydrolysis was used for the preparation of activated carbon. This combined ethanol production and chemical extraction approach may provide a compelling model for a biorefinery and increasing commercial viability.


Pine needles Essential oil Organic acids Resin Residual carbon 

Supplementary material

13399_2018_304_MOESM1_ESM.doc (99 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 99 kb)
13399_2018_304_MOESM2_ESM.docx (844 kb)
ESM 2 (DOCX 844 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vinod Kumar
    • 1
  • Manisha Nanda
    • 2
  • Monu Verma
    • 1
  • Ajay Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUttaranchal UniversityDehradunIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyDolphin (PG) Institute of Biomedical and Natural SciencesDehradunIndia

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