Factors contributing to educational outcomes for First Nations students from remote communities: A systematic review
- 259 Downloads
Education for Australian First Nations students living in remote communities has long been seen as an intractable problem. Ten years of concerted effort under Closing the Gap and related policy initiatives has done little to change outcomes beyond small, incremental improvements. Programmes and strategies promising much have come and gone, and most have died a quiet death. This apparent failure leaves the context of remote education ripe for the picking. If we can demonstrate what works and why, it may provide an answer to the problem. This systematic review aims to uncover what research reveals about what does make a difference to outcomes for students. The review found 45 papers that provide considerable evidence to show what is and is not effective. The review also found several issues that have little or no evidence and which could be the subject of more research.
KeywordsRemote education First Nations Systematic review Educational outcomes Success factors
- ACARA. (2015). Measurement framework for schooling in Australia 2015. Sydney: ACARA.Google Scholar
- Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2018). Remoteness structure. Retrieved May 2018, from http://www.abs.gov.au/websitedbs/D3310114.nsf/home/remoteness+structure.
- Beattie, N. J., Shaw, P., & Larson, A. (2008). Water safety in the bush: Strategies for addressing training needs in remote areas. Rural and Remote Health, 8(855).Google Scholar
- Benveniste, T., Dawson, D., Guenther, J., Rainbird, S., & King, L. (2016). Parent perspectives of boarding: insights from remote Aboriginal families. Paper presented at the Australian Association for Research in Education, Melbourne, 1 Decemebr 2016Google Scholar
- Benveniste, T., Guenther, J., Dawson, D., & Rainbird, S. (2015b). Deciphering distance: Exploring how Indigenous boarding schools facilitate and maintain relationships with remote families and communities. Paper presented at the Australian Association for Research in Education annual conference, Fremantle, 2 December 2015Google Scholar
- Biddle, N., Cameron, T., & National Centre for Vocational Education, R. (2012). Potential factors influencing Indigenous education participation and achievement. Research Report. National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER)Google Scholar
- Burin, M. (2017). Walking in two worlds. Retrieved from May 2017, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-04-07/the-junior-ranger/8378336.
- Etherington, S. J. (2006). Learning to be Kunwinjku: Kunwinjku people discuss their pedagogy. Darwin NT: Charles Darwin University.Google Scholar
- Fogarty, W. P. (2010). Learning through country: Competing knowledge systems and place based pedagogy. Canberra: Australian National University, Canberra.Google Scholar
- Gaffney, R. (2013). English as a distant language: An investigation of teachers’ understanding. Fitzroy, VIC: Australian Catholic University, Fitzroy VIC.Google Scholar
- Guenther, J., Disbray, S., & Osborne, S. (2014a). Digging up the (red) dirt on education: one shovel at a time. Journal of Australian Indigenous Issues (Special Edition), 17(4), 40–56.Google Scholar
- Guenther, J., Halsey, J., & Osborne, S. (2015b). From paradise to beyond: Geographical constructs and how they shape education in the bush. Australian and International Journal of Rural Education [Special issue: What next for rural education research?], 25(3), 62–79.Google Scholar
- Guenther, J., Milgate, G., O’Beirne, P., & Osborne, S. (2014b). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander aspirations and expectations of schooling in very remote Australian schools. Paper presented at the AARE Conference Proceedings, Queensland University of Technology Kelvin Grove Campus, Brisbane, 1–4 December 2014Google Scholar
- Guenther, J., Milgate, G., Perrett, B., Benveniste, T., Osborne, S., & Disbray, S. (2016). Boarding schools for remote secondary Aboriginal learners in the northern territory. Smooth transition or rough ride? Paper presented at the Australian Association for Research in Education Annual Conference, Melbourne, 30 November 2016Google Scholar
- Hardy, I. (2013). Testing that counts: Contesting national literacy assessment policy in complex schooling settings. Australian Journal of Language and Literacy, 36(2), 67–77.Google Scholar
- Harper, H., Helmer, J., Lea, T., Chalkiti, K., Emmett, S., & Wolgemuth, J. (2012). ABRACADABRA for magic under which conditions? Case studies of a web-based literacy intervention in the Northern Territory. Australian Journal of Language and Literacy, 35(1), 33–50.Google Scholar
- Harris, T. (1990). Talking is not enough: A review of the education of traditionally oriented Aboriginal people in the Northern Territory. Darwin: Office of the Minister for Education, the Arts and Cultural Affairs.Google Scholar
- Hewitt, B., & Walter, M. (2014). Preschool participation among Indigenous children in Australia. Family Matters (95), 41–50.Google Scholar
- Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission (2000). Education Access: National Inquiry into rural and remote education.Google Scholar
- Hunter, E. K. (2015). One foot in both worlds: Providing a city education for Indigenous Australian children from a very remote community: A case study. Wagga Wagga, NSW: Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga NSW.Google Scholar
- Joanna Briggs Institute. (2014). The Joanna Briggs Institute Reviewers Manual 2014. Methodology for JBI Mixed Methods Systematic Reviews. Adelaide: University of Adelaide.Google Scholar
- Lietz, P., Darmawan, I. G. N., & Aldous, C. (2014). Indigenous and rural students: Double whammy or golden opportunity? Evidence from South Australia and around the world. Paper presented at the Australian Council for Educational Research . Research Conference. Quality and equity: What does research tell us? 3-5 August 2014, Adelaide Convention Centre, South Australia: Conference proceedings, 2014Google Scholar
- Lowe, K., Tennent, C., Guenther, J., Harrison, N., Burgess, C. Moodie, N., & Vass, G. ‘Aboriginal Voices’: An overview of the methodology applied in the systematic review of recent research across ten key areas of Australian Indigenous education (this issue)Google Scholar
- Mander, D. (2012). The transition experience to boarding school for male Aboriginal secondary school students from regional and remote communities across Western Australia. Joondalup, WA: Edith Cowan University.Google Scholar
- Mander, D. (2015). Enabling Voice: Aboriginal parents, experiences and perceptions of sending a child to Boarding School in Western Australia. The Australian Journal of Indigenous Education, 44(Special Issue 02), 173–183. https://doi.org/10.1017/jie.2015.21.
- Mander, D., Cohen, L., & Pooley, J. (2015b). “If i wanted to have more opportunities and go to a better school, i just had to get used to it”: Aboriginal students’ perceptions of going to Boarding School in Western Australia. Australian Journal of Indigenous Education, 44(1), 26–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- McInerney, D. M., Fasoli, L., Stephenson, P., & Herbert, J. (2012). Building the future for remote Indigenous students in Australia: An examination of future goals, motivation, learning and achievement in cultural context. In Handbook on psychology of motivation: New research (pp. 61–84).Google Scholar
- Northern Territory Department of Education. (1986). Aboriginal education in the Northern Territory: A situation report, June 1986. Darwin: Department of Education.Google Scholar
- Northern Territory Department of Education (1999). Learning Lessons—An independent review of Indigenous education in the Northern Territory. In Northern Territory Department of Education (Ed.). Darwin: Northern Territory Government.Google Scholar
- Nutton, G. D. (2013). The effectiveness of mobile preschool (Northern Territory) in improving school readiness for very remote Indigenous children. Darwin: Charles Darwin University.Google Scholar
- O’Bryan, M. (2016). Shaping futures, shaping lives: an investigation into the lived experience of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students in Australian boarding schools. Melbourne: University of MelbourneGoogle Scholar
- Oliver, R., Grote, E., Rochecouste, J., & Exell, M. (2013a). Needs analysis for task-based language teaching: A case study of Indigenous vocational education and training students who speak EAL/EAD. TESOL in Context, 22(2), 36–50.Google Scholar
- Osborne, S. (2017). Staging standpoint dialogue in tristate education: Privileging A n angu voices. Melbourne: Victoria University.Google Scholar
- Pace, R., Pluye, P., Bartlett, G., Macaulay, A. C., Salsberg, J., Jagosh, J., et al. (2012). Testing the reliability and efficiency of the pilot Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT) for systematic mixed studies review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 49(1), 47–53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2011.07.002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Parkes, A. (2013). The dreams of mobile young Aboriginal Australian people. Bachelor of Arts Sociology Honours Thesis. Adelaide, SA: University of South Australia.Google Scholar
- Pearson, N. (2014). AIEF is in the business of nation changing. Retrieved August 2015, from http://aief.com.au/cms/workspace/uploads/140712-aus-50th-noel-pearson.pdf.
- Redman-MacLaren, M. L., Klieve, H., Mccalman, J., Russo, S., Rutherford, K., Wenitong, M., et al. (2017). Measuring resilience and risk factors for the psychosocial well-being of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Boarding School Students: Pilot baseline study results. Frontiers in Education. https://doi.org/10.3389/feduc.2017.00005.
- Silburn, S., McKenzie, J., Guthridge, S., Li, L., & Li, S. Q. (2014). Unpacking educational inequality in the Northern Territory. Paper presented at the Quality and equity: What does research tell us? 3–5 August 2014, Adelaide Convention Centre, South Australia : conference proceedings, 2014Google Scholar
- Turnbull, M. (2018). Closing the Gap Prime Minister’s Report 2018. Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet.Google Scholar
- Tyler, W., Robinson, G., & Bartlett, C. (2009). Outcomes of the National Accelerated Literacy Program in the Northern Territory, 2004–2007. Paper presented at the AARE 2009 International education research conference, Canberra, 2009Google Scholar
- Watts, B. H., & Gallacher, J. D. (1964). Report on an investigation into the curriculum and teaching methods used in Aboriginal schools in the Northern Territory, to the Honourable C. E. Barnes, Minister of State for Territories. Darwin, N.T.Google Scholar
- Wilson, B. (2014). A share in the future: Review of Indigenous Education in the Northern Territory.Google Scholar
- Wolgemuth, J. R., Savage, R., Helmer, J., Harper, H., Lea, T., Abrami, P. C., et al. (2013). ABRACADABRA aids Indigenous and non-Indigenous early literacy in Australia: Evidence from a multisite randomized controlled trial. Computers & Education, 67, 250–264. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2013.04.002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Yunkaporta, T. (2009). Aboriginal pedagogies at the cultural interface. Townsville: James Cook University.Google Scholar