Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 4587–4595 | Cite as

Application of MineTCS in the Deformation Monitoring of Roadway

  • Hong-di JingEmail author
  • Yuan-hui Li
Research Article - Civil Engineering


Monitoring the convergence deformation of roadway surrounding rocks is necessary for ensuring construction and extraction safety. In addition, it can also assist the stability evaluation of the underground mine roadway. This paper analyzes the advantages of a tunnel monitoring system—Bassett Convergence System. Based on this system, the tunnel cross-section convergence deformation continuous monitoring system “MineTCS” was researched and developed for underground mining roadway. The system can continuously monitor the convergence deformation under the condition without manual intervention. Compared with the Bassett system, it is more suitable for complicated engineering environment in underground mines. The application results obtained in Baoguo Iron Mine indicate that the roadway support costs were saved, the safety of the technicians was guaranteed and the efficiency of measurement was significantly improved at the same time. The improved system can accomplish the task of monitoring the convergence deformation of underground roadway. Moreover, it can also support the design of supporting scheme and risk warning. Therefore, the research results have broad application prospects in the future convergence deformation monitoring of underground mine roadway cross section, risk early warning and so on.


Bassett Convergence System Underground mine Roadway cross section Deformation monitoring Risk early warning 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Xiaolin, B.; Ping, H.; Yehui, S.: Discussion on the application of risk management in tunnel and underground works. J. China Saf. Sci. J. 18(6), 154–158 (2009)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Huajie, Z.: Study on the security management system of metro projects in China. J. Urban Rapid Rail Transit. 22(1), 28–31 (2009)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Man-chao, H.: Conception system and evaluation indexes for deep engineering. J. Chin. J. Rock Mech. Eng. 24(16), 2854–2858 (2005)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    He, Y.; Han, L.; Shao, P.: Some problems of rock mechanics for roadways stability in depth. J. China Univ. Min. Technol. 35(3), 288–295 (2006)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Quansheng, L.; Qian, G.: Monitoring research on convergence deformation of laneway way rock and obsturator in NO.2 digging of JinChuan. Chin. J. Rock Mech. Eng. 22(2), 2633–2638 (2003)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yuyong, J.; Zihao, W.; Xinzhi, W.: Stability assessment of an ancient landslide crossed by two coal mine tunnels. J. Eng. Geol. 159, 36–44 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cai, M.F.; Lai, X.P.: Monitoring and analysis of nonlinear dynamic damage of transport roadway supported by composite hard rock materials in Linglong Gold Mine. J. Univ. Sci. Technol. Beijing 10(2), 10–15 (2003)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Apel, D.B.; Gray, B.R.; Moss, R.H.: Development and laboratory trials of the light-based high-resolution target movement monitor for monitoring convergence at underground mines. J. Geotech. Geoenviron. Eng. 133(9), 1167–1171 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Xiong, L.; Luo, Z.; Luo, Z.: Data amendment of abnormal point cloud of goaf by laser scan in deep complex environment. J. Northeast. Univ. (Nat. Sci.) 35(3), 438–446 (2014)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kolymbas, D.: Tunnelling and tunnel mechanics: a rational approach to tunnelling. Springer, Berlin (2005)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pells, P. J. N.; McMahon, B. K.B. K.; Redman, P. G.: Interpretation of field stresses and deformation moduli from extensometer measurements in rock tunnels. In: Fourth Australian Tunnelling Conference 1981. Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy for the Australian Tunnelling Association. (1981)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cantieni, L.; Anagnostou, G.; Hug, R.: Interpretation of core extrusion measurements when tunnelling through squeezing ground. J. Rock Mech. Rock Eng. 44(6), 641–670 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mezger, F.; Anagnostou, G.; Ziegler, H.J.: The excavation-induced convergences in the Sedrun section of the Gotthard Base Tunnel. J. Tunn. Undergr. Space Technol. 38, 447–463 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gang, Z.; Tianqi, Z.; Diao, Y.: Mechanism and countermeasures of preceding tunnel distortion induced by succeeding EPBS tunnelling in close proximity. J. Comput. Geotech. 66, 53–65 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bassett, R.H.; Kimmance, J.P.; Rasmussen, C.: An automated electrolevel deformation monitoring system for tunnels. J. Geotech. Eng. 137(3), 117–125 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Xie, X.; Lu, X.: Development of a 3D modeling algorithm for tunnel deformation monitoring based on terrestrial laser scanning. Undergr. Space 2(1), 16–29 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Zhang, Y.; Liang, J.: Monitoring of Metro No. 1 during Metro No. 2 Construction in Their Interchange Area. J. Shanghai Geol. 83, 36–40 (2002)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Li Yuanhui, X.; Shida, L.J.: A new convergence monitoring system for tunnel or drift based on draw-wire displacement sensors. J. Tunn. Undergr. Space Technol. 49, 92–97 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education on Safe Mining of Deep Metal MinesNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina

Personalised recommendations