Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 4491–4508 | Cite as

Assessment of Passengers’ Transfer Zones in the Transit Centers: A PH-Based State-Dependent Discrete-Event Simulation Framework

  • Afaq KhattakEmail author
  • Jiang Yangsheng
  • Malik Muneeb Abid
Research Article - Civil Engineering


The passengers’ transfer zone in the transit centers is the interface among various transportation modes, where passengers transfer from one mode to another. The Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP)-Report 165 presents the capacity analysis technique for the passengers’ transfer zone in the transit centers. However, the TCRP-Report 165 procedure is based on the fixed values of passengers’ arrival flow and service time of facilities, which do not depict the real scenario. To aid the designers of transit centers as well as to capture the randomness in the arrival flow and service time, a discrete-event simulation (DES) framework based on the PH-distributed random variates is developed. The DES framework represents the passengers flow in the transit centers and also takes into account the randomness in passengers’ arrival flow and service time. Sensitivity analysis is conducted under different settings of passengers’ arrival flow, coefficient of variation (CV) and dimensional features (length and width of transfer zone). The results showed that the passengers’ arrival flow, CV and width of the transfer zones are highly influential parameters, while the length of transfer zones has no significant influence. Therefore, during the design phase of transit centers, emphasis should be given to influential parameters as they illustrate the actual conditions in the transit centers.


Transfer zones Transit centers PH-based discrete-event simulation Queuing network Sensitivity analysis 


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We express sincere acknowledgment to the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC) (Serial Nos. 51578465 and 71402149), to the Basic Research Project of Sichuan Province and the colleagues at National United Engineering Laboratory of Integrated and Intelligent Transportation in the Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, for their valuable support and advices.


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Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Afaq Khattak
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jiang Yangsheng
    • 2
  • Malik Muneeb Abid
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringInternational Islamic UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.National United Engineering Laboratory of Integrated and Intelligent Transportation, Traffic Engineering Department, School of Transportation and LogisticsSouthwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina

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