Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

, Volume 43, Issue 10, pp 5035–5055 | Cite as

A Review of Corrosion and Protection of Steel in Concrete

  • Arpit Goyal
  • Homayoon Sadeghi Pouya
  • Eshmaiel Ganjian
  • Peter Claisse
Review Article – Civil Engineering


Corrosion of reinforcement is one of the major durability challenges which leads to a reduction in the design life of reinforced concrete. Due to an increasing demand for longer service lives of infrastructure (typically 100–120 years) and the high cost involved in building and maintaining it, the repair of concrete structures has become extremely important. This paper discusses mechanism of corrosion in reinforced concrete and its thermodynamic and kinetic behaviour. It also presents and compares different corrosion prevention and protection techniques available and recommended by BS 1504-9:2008, including the use of corrosion inhibitors, alternative reinforcement, steel and concrete coating and electrochemical techniques. It is concluded that the electrochemical techniques are more effective than conventional methods.


Reinforcement corrosion Electrochemical techniques Corrosion protection Corrosion inhibitors Alternative reinforcement Coating 


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Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre of Built and Natural EnvironmentCoventry UniversityCoventryUK
  2. 2.School of Energy, Construction and Environment, Sir John Laing BuildingCoventry UniversityCoventryUK
  3. 3.Built and Natural Environment Research Centre, School of Energy, Construction and EnvironmentCoventry UniversityCoventryUK

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